Article source： courtesy to mass magazine
Release time：Jul 24, 2018Page view：97
Respectful cultural understanding: persisting in the unique thoughts, feelings and aesthetics of the Chinese people
Original: courtesy to mass magazine one week ago
Courtesy, professor Tsinghua University, tutor of doctoral students, national first-class artist, expert enjoying special allowance from the state Council. Part-time professor of Nanjing university and southeast university, dean of Chinese calligraphy research institute of southeast university.
Recently, he talked about Chinese culture in the publication of " the masses and the mass school" and proposed to insist on using the unique thoughts, emotions and aesthetics of the Chinese people to create works worthy of the times.
The society is in a transitional period and needs to plant more faith.
Since the reform and opening up, the economy has developed at a high speed, people's life style has undergone tremendous changes, and the society is in a transitional period. we need to plant more faith.
The people have faith, the country has strength, and the nation has hope. Once faith is lacking, it brings about the crisis of human nature. The Chinese people need to find back the gentleman's style that our ancestors once had: confidence, honesty, perseverance, dedication, erudition, fraternity, comity, bearing ... the return of this kind of national humanistic spirit is the expression of Chinese culture's confidence, self-improvement and self - awareness. People need to believe before they can stick to their integrity, be reverent and stop doing things. A nation and a country need faith in order to become a respected power.
Facing the rich historical gifts, facing the current superior physical competition and reflecting on the impetuosity of some people in the art world in the new era, we must continue to keep our introspection and humility on history and take on the mission and responsibility for the future.
In real life, some people are following the fashion and superficiality, paying attention to form and floating names. However, the world can be light and slow. only " the starry sky above our head and the moral laws in our hearts are indispensable" should we not abandon them. The book " the world is flat" divides globalization into three stages. The third stage is an ideal world with beautiful decorations: everyone stands on the ground together, everyone is the center and has become the leading role, with personality as dazzling as starlight.
I think that in the internet age of " self - centered" and pursuing freedom and aura, those who stick to cultural beliefs, aesthetic ideals of the times and professional ethics need to truly " seek ways" so that the development thought of " people - centered" can be implemented and the socialist core values can be deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.
The thought of " benevolence" is the common wealth of mankind.
Historian Arnold Toynbee believes that the hope of mankind is in the east, while Chinese civilization will provide endless cultural treasure-house and ideological resources for future world transformation and human society in the 21st century. He believes that Confucian values make Chinese civilization conform to the needs of the integration of human society in the new era. However, Chinese Taoism provides the philosophical basis of the moderate and rational development view for human civilization. Therefore, the prescription given to the future human society is not force and military, not democracy and election, not western hegemony, but culture leading the world. This is the broad and profound Chinese culture.
At present, the new technology not only gives birth to a new economic paradigm, but also transforms the whole earth into a large family with a higher dependency on human beings, promoting the transformation of human consciousness and elevating the human empathy consciousness to a new height. In this important period, Confucius' thoughts on " benevolence" ( or " empathy" ) are especially important. The world needs to re-understand human society and the whole nature with empathy. " empathy" - benevolence, this " invisible hand" helps the world to form a larger economic unit through cohesion and harmony.
The thought of " benevolence" advocated by Confucius is the common wealth of mankind. Confucius believed that the self-development of human beings depends on whether they can promote the development of others, that is, " they want to establish themselves, they want to achieve their goals, and they want to achieve their goals". Confucius believed that human beings are naturally endowed with the instinct of giving empathy. only when one takes personal responsibility and takes care of the interests of others can one promote self - development. More than 2,500 years ago, Confucius called on people to build interpersonal harmony and harmony between human beings and nature with compassion.
The german philosopher Jaspers once proposed the " axis age" and believed that around 500 b.c., Socrates and Plato in ancient Greece, Lao Tzu and Confucius in China, Sakyamuni in India, and Jewish prophets in Israel had constructed different theories. In a sense, the development of various cultures in today's world is just another new leap forward in the " axis era". There will be a new " axis era" in the future, and the world will see a new situation of multi-cultural development under the perspective of global consciousness.
The new " axis era" is very different from the " axis era" around the 5th century BC. Some scholars believe that the new " axis era" is characterized by economic globalization, integration of science and technology, and cultural pluralism. Various cultures will determine their contribution to human culture by absorbing some factors of other cultures and their ability to update their own cultures. Therefore, under the view of global consciousness, the modern value of Chinese traditional culture is more prominent and has won new development and progress. Cross-cultural and interdisciplinary cultural studies will become the driving force for cultural development in the 21st century. Different cultural traditions and disciplines are blending with each other.
It can be predicted that in the 21st century, which traditional culture can most consciously promote the dialogue and integration between different cultural traditions and different disciplines, which culture will have greater influence on the development of the world culture. The new " axis era" in the 21st century will be an era of multi-dimensional dialogue and an era in which disciplines blend with each other. In the new " axis era" culture, truly accomplished thinkers will be both national and world - wide. The profound philosophical thoughts and cultural values contained in Chinese traditional culture will play a certain leading and promoting role in the new " axis era" for human society.
According to the rules of the ancients, open one's own life
Today we are in a new awakening era of human culture, science, economy, politics and society. This is a new opportunity to challenge human civilization, test human wisdom and innovate human mind. Cultural awareness is a kind of promotion, a kind of transcendence, a kind of direction, and a kind of spirit. it has both objective cognitive significance and the significance of subject development.
" the worries of the world first and the joys of the world later" between worries and joys, we have to ask what is going on in the world. What is the world? Confucianism in Chinese traditional culture is a kind of humanism based on Xiu De's professional work, which can make people contribute to the society by improving their inner qualities as " human beings". Taoist thought is a naturalism based on the desire to diminish. it can make people conform to nature and return to human nature and contribute to society. Confucian " righteousness" and Taoist " inaction" philosophy and their thinking mode of " harmony between heaven and man" can also contribute to human society. Therefore, the excellent Chinese traditional culture plays an important role in adjusting the " relationship between people", " relationship between people and nature" and " relationship between people and their own hearts".
Times are changing and society is developing. Our cognition of change is to see the creative power caused by change and the creative spirit in change. In the process of creativity, we have seen a positive and vigorous spirit, that is, the " dry" spirit. I also saw the spirit of " Kun" that is to say, the spirit of carrying things with kindness. Chinese culture pays special attention to the close relationship between heaven, earth and human beings, which is manifested in the belief that " heaven can give birth to people, and human beings can promote Tao". One can master the whole law of the universe by enriching Tao.
The cultural creation of contemporary China is to realize the common life and cultural value of human beings and society in the realization of self. therefore, the new awakening of contemporary culture is " taking Tao as the foundation and taking morality as the foundation" - technology advances into Tao. The awakening of the cultural creation and future development of the times is the moral responsibility cognition and duty performance awakening of intellectuals " the rise and fall of the world, the common man has the responsibility", and the awakening of the construction and perfection of the humanistic creation spirit of the times " all things are known and all things are Tao - shaped".
General secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in the report of the 19th national congress of the communist party of China: " persisting in creative transformation and innovative development has continuously created new brilliance of Chinese culture. " different shapes and materials created by human beings have been spread through the condensation of history. The Chinese tradition once emphasized " harmonious learning", which is a kind of wisdom put forward by Chinese sages to resolve cultural conflicts, including personality ideal and social ideal.
The reason why Chinese traditional culture, which is dominated by Confucian culture, emphasizes the ideal of personality is due to various contradictions and personality splits caused by the conflicts between man and nature and between man and society. " the road is abandoned, benevolence and righteousness are emphasized" ( Confucius ). Confucianism stresses " inner holiness and outer king". " inner holiness" - moral cultivation; " foreign king" - daotong is king. " the unity of the holy king" is the unity of the inner saint and the outer king, that is, the unity of heaven and man. this is the Confucian ideal of personality. The integration of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism in Chinese culture; the administration of the world by Confucianism; the administration of the body by Taoism; and the administration of the heart by Buddhism. " heaven is strong, the gentleman will never stop striving for self-improvement" ( Confucianism ), " the terrain is vast, and the gentleman will carry things with kindness" ( Taoism ). Sima Chengzhen put forward seven essentials of self-cultivation - faith and respect, separation of fate, acceptance of heart, simplicity, truth, certainty and morality. This is the highest ultimate concern.
There are many kinds of contradictions in today's society, that is, the contradictions between man and nature, between man and society, between man and man, and between man and soul. The Chinese culture has a long history, is extensive and profound, accumulates the deepest spiritual pursuit of the Chinese nation, and represents the unique spiritual symbol of the Chinese nation. Only by inheriting and developing the excellent Chinese culture can we " open up our own life in accordance with the rules of the ancients" and persist in creating works worthy of the times with the unique thoughts, emotions and aesthetics of the Chinese people, thus creating new brilliance of the Chinese culture.
Excerpted from the third issue of " mass - mass school" in 2018, the original title was " promoting cultural self-confidence and self-awareness in the new era."
Original editor: Chen Weiling