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The heart knot of historical painting

Article source:Chengdu Classic Sinks

Release time:Jan 05, 2018Page view:385

Last year I painted a picture of history, in order to favoured the beginning of the last century and failed to complete the wish. One is "Li Bing and Dujiangyan", this theme was first painted in 1978, titled "Beach, Low weir" oil painting, won the Sichuan Provincial Excellent award. Second, in 1979, a painting entitled "Rice paddy Foot water comfort farming heart" of Chinese painting, participated in the National Science exhibition of the same year. The second theme, "Cottage", drew several sketches in 1983. Two themes are more than 30 years. But the thought of these two paintings has always been a lingering knot in my heart.
Regional culture is the gene of my life growth and artistic cultivation. Many stories of the romance of the Kingdoms are related to "Shu". The story of the Temple of Marquis Liu Bei and Zhuge Liang was well known and infected by the incense. Dujiangyan watershed is my native land. I was born in Sichuan Pendi, drinking Dujiangyan water grew up. Remember in the early 50, when the middle school, has visited Dujiangyan, in the flying sand weir on the wading walk can also see cages to fill the gravel water project. At that time thought that this soil method is really good, really skillful, after with the growth experience, let me realize this project actually is praises the world the historical miracle. After ploy, want to draw this kind of subject matter is the natural appeal and has been to the heart.
                                                              
Historical painting is a kind of writing that reproduces historical events with visual images. History is composed of "story" and "historical". "Story" is the cause and the cause of this historical event, by the written record and the oral legend deduction. "Historical" is an evidence of the kind associated with this historical event. It is supported by archaeological relics and cultural relics. To draw a good historical painting is to select the typical moment of events and shape the visual image to express the historical story, and choose the kind of material related to the story, which reveals the essential meaning of historical events. This cognition is not perfect in my favoured, and its depth is not enough. So for 30 years, I have been focusing on the stories of these two historical events and the historical of collecting, sifting and perfecting the work. Finally in two o ' an O ' year to draw again. Two o 11 end of production completed. Coincides with the year 70, give yourself a gift.
"Cottage" I portray Liu Bei standing in front of Hall stone steps, waiting for Zhuge Liang to wake up at the moment of lunch. Liu Bei bowed his hand to piety. Bowing is a unique and common etiquette of Chinese traditional etiquette. As a generation monarch can bow, corporal enough to express his lookout feelings and character. Therefore, "cottage" has become a well-known collective memory and cultural symbol of the superior corporal in Chinese culture. It flows like blood in the historical context of the Chinese nation.
In the picture, I opened a window on the wall of the wing, showing a bookshelf with "Jane" and "book" on it. From the sight of Liu Bei and book to Hall, the visual connection from Hall to the Bookshelf can guide the viewer in thinking of the association: Liu Bei's reverence originally related to knowledge. The nature of Liu Bei's pious reverence for Zhuge Liang is a reverence for knowledge. This is the second nature behind the visual image. This second nature is the value of the creation of artistic works. This is the essential meaning of this historical event.
What kind of objects does the Bookshelf draw? Need to examine history. The history and knowledge used in Qin and Han dynasties are "Jane". Jin is Wang Xizhi's era, has been widely used in paper, can have a book appeared. While the Three kingdoms are between Han and Jin, it should be a transitional period in which Jane and the book are mixed. Although not seen in the Three Kingdoms of the book, and painting needs visual image, so I painted the traditional sense of ancient Chinese bound, and Jane. This is the truth of art. Bookcase shelf, painted a few pieces of bronze before the Han, is also the favorite of the literati. One of the Warring States Period "copper Zheng" also known as "Ning", the Department of Percussion instruments, can also command the military array. The military talents of Zhuge Liang are concealed.
The vine in the original sketch is always difficult to handle. Just when I was drawing a vine, it was two o ' Autumn early winter. (Liu Bei three worship Zhuge Liang thatched hut also happens to be in this season), looked up suddenly saw my courtyard plum blossom tree has leaves yellow and fall, plum shoots on the beginning of the bud, point Golden is very good-looking. So he decided to draw a vine that needed climbing. A picture of plum thought of the orchid, thought of bamboo and chrysanthemum. In the book of poems and Li Sao, the "feelings" and "Xing" have long been personified by vegetation. Plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum are the symbols of the character of the people in Chinese culture, especially in painting. They appeared in the grass-cottage courtyard of the Ming-ge-liang.
It reminds me of one thing in the middle of the last century because I want to draw plum trees and plants. In 1957, I entered the middle School of Sichuan Academy of Fine Arts, also happens to be the Maximov rate cadets in Chongqing, when I left the Sichuan Academy of Fine Arts, when I got a copy of the Maximov speech material, one sentence he said: "Chinese painters are painting portraits of trees." What a high opinion! He saw the charm of the inner god of the image of Chinese painting and art. This sentence, at that time let love Chinese painting of my extremely vibration, make me unforgettable. The portrait not only looks like Xiao, but also has the dynamics, the modality, the demeanor and the individuality, causes me to read the Chinese painting history earnestly. One of the great painters of the classic works all have this feature, the ancient Chinese painters reverence nature, the plants as a life and in the pen to express, is a Chinese painter to view the nature of a life attitude, fully show the Chinese art spirit of the affinity between people and nature. I try to guard this tradition while painting plum, orchid, bamboo and chrysanthemum.
When it comes to painting, Chinese traditional painting is very respectful of shape. "To write God", "the combination of form and spirit", "to the shape of the road", "marvelous" and so on are the Chinese painting more distant, more heavy strong tradition. "Yi Pen hastily, do not seek the shape of" become a popular fashion in the present, look back to the traditional "to form" the spirit of practical significance. It requires a high degree of technical difficulty and profound spiritual connotations combined to face the canvas. This is a benchmark of Chinese traditional culture, it is worth cherishing.
Li Bing and Dujiangyan Water Conservancy project occurred in BC. 316 BC Qin and Ba Shu. The first 246 years Qin Shihuang period, when the first Shu County, Li Bing presided over the construction of Dujiangyan Water Conservancy project, up to more than 30 years. In Zhangjiang set fish mouth water flow, build fly sand Weir block, Flood River, chisel treasure bottle into Neijiang irrigation of Chengdu Plain, to Hanlaobaoshou, make it become "abundance". The project, which has passed through time and space for more than 2000 years, is still playing a huge benefit.
I synthesized the two paintings I had painted in the last century, and the relationship between people and things from the new structure. Painting people: The whole painting of each individual's own duties, in their own work. Carve each image and each hand, strive to have personality and expression. In order to avoid everyone silly standing in the collective appearance of simplistic common problems. Painting objects: "Cages" and "Ma Cha" mainly. This is the unique kind of Dujiangyan Water Conservancy project. Ma cha fixed position, cages watery water. About the origin of the cages, the legend is that women in the river washing, clothes basket easy to be washed away by water waves, women often pick a pebble to hold the basket, any water impact. This principle inspires people to use cages to fill the gravel to solve the big project embankment water blocking problem. This is the wisdom of the laborer.
Bing's image reference 1974 years outside the Yangtze River unearthed in the Eastern Han Dynasty, "Li Bing Stone Portrait." He wears two hats, a robe and a big sleeve.
Other characters, especially hair ornaments, mainly refer to the characteristics of Qin terracotta warriors. Clothes, which have left overlapping, represent the participation of local minorities in Bashu. According to the Sanxingdui unearthed bronze people dressed as left overlapping.
Tool appears in the "Spade", according to the outside of the river and Li Bing Stone unearthed at the same time "Spade stone portrait" and unearthed a large number of Han Dynasty spade terra cotta figure as evidence.
The appearance of weapon "GE" and "spear" is the typical shape unearthed in Sichuan.
On the other side of the river is digging expansion treasure bottle, because at that time did not use gunpowder, people use firewood burning rock, and then poured cold water, the rock hot rise and shrink and burst, shovel a layer of burning a layer, with such wisdom dug the treasure bottle, water into Neijiang irrigation Chengdu Plain.
History books and no record of Li Bing has a son, people legend like Li Bing such a great man should have their offspring called "ice Son", they passed through the flood. So the common people worship the father and son two people as God, only temple to worship the two Lang god interpretation. I submit to the public opinion painting Li Bing father and son together hold bamboo slips plan, in their midst painting an old farmer pointing gestures. He can judge in front of the officials, the senses to check public sentiments, listen to the voice of the people, Corporal is the virtues of the rulers. Li Bing has this virtue, in order to work from the working people's long-term experience and wisdom of the integration and summed up the engineering design and material use of science, so as to complete this huge project and stay in the eternal.
Here, I have too much to tell the meaning of the painting, has been very outdated. Indeed, the prevalence of vulgar culture nowadays, I am always a spectator of fashion trends. Looking back at the history of human art, regardless of the Chinese and foreign classics masterpiece, all of the High-tech difficulty contains a glorious human nature and the lofty spirit of human, but for the majority of mankind understanding and recognition. We have to go back to the classics.
The painting has changed compared to my previous self. I take the line modelling, the combination surface "the line surface modelling". I fear Chinese painting in the form of line modeling language, it can organize the rhythm and rhythm of the line. The surface modelling can express the volume, is the oil painting form language. Thus bringing in light and color, particularly can be brought into the condition color. It can realize the painting body language light and color symphonic effect. The combination of lines is not contradictory, they combine to let me in the painting while exploring the Chinese painting and oil painting ontology language parallel.
These two themes are typical examples of Ba-Shu culture, and are also the cultural classics of the Chinese nation's historical context.
These two historical paintings are my knowledge and understanding of historical events. I use oil painting to shape the visual image of the framework to decode the meaning of the event, and strive to direct its essential significance, and love the Chinese people's culture to find this noble historical memory.
February 2012 in the western suburbs of Jinsha