Shangyin | Composer Chen Gang: Beauty is my faith
Article source：Shanghai Conservatory of Music
Release time：Dec 27, 2017Page view：138
The year-end Shanghai gradually became cooler in the towering Maple Leaf. The 11th Chinese Musical Gold Bell Award, which came out shortly before, gave a warm gift to the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, Tone Chen Gang, only Dan Dolma won the title of "lifelong achievement music artist".
China Federation of Literature, Chinese Musicians Association sent a special trip came to our hospital, Professor Chen Gang composer awarded "lifetime achievement music artist" certificate.
Chen Gang said:
This is not so much the award of my personal award, as it is to give the sound 90 birthday gift. In 1955 admitted to the tone, so far there is a Jia Zi time. At the beginning of the foundation, Shangyin upholds Cai Yuanpei's dean's idea of "aesthetics education on behalf of religion." The United States is the banner of Shangyin. It is also an ideal of my life and a lifelong pursuit of career. Shanghai Conservatory of Music is a fertile ground for my growth, I will never forget the heart, hold high the banner of the United States. The artist must cherish an innocent child. Art will never cease. Inheriting the tradition of Shangyin, it will inherit the culture of the Shanghai clique, keep up with the new era, maintain a young heart and make new contributions.
Lao Tzu said: "It is fair to say that it is very good." There is also a saying in the West that "at the end of a language, the music is sounded." The "beauty" of music is the most formless of all art forms and the most authentic pure. Born in the music family Chen Gang's life to pursue the highest "beauty" as their own creative beliefs.
In 1955, Chen Gang admitted to the sound system. During the study period, the music expert Arzavanov from the Soviet Union first gave them classes. After entering the classroom, facing the audience a Chinese student, he did not say a word, went straight to the piano and started Playing Rachmaninoff "Piano Concerto No. 2". After the bullet finished, he raised his head and said excitedly to the students below: "How beautiful!" At this moment, the 20-year-old Chen Gang was unforgettable. From then on, he determined to continuously explore the "beauty" in his heart and the "beauty" of mankind with the "soul language" of music.
The winter of 1958, two Shangsheng young students Ho Zhanhao, Chen Gang co-authored China's first world-renowned violin concerto "Butterfly Lovers." The following year, the first work premiered at Shanghai Grand Theater, and was performed by violin soloist Yu Li-na from Shangyou.
Let Chen Gang unforgettablely, on July 2, 1997, the second day after Hong Kong's return, the Hollywood Bowl Amphitheater in the United States played "Butterfly Lovers." At the beginning of the music, the soloist Lü Si-qing did not raise his bows yet. There was a warm applause from the thousands of overseas Chinese who had heard the prizes. The applause gathered together and echoed in the valley around the stage as if the waves had been drained wave.
After the show ended, an overseas Chinese in Malaysia said to him: "Where there is a sun there is a Chinese, where there is a place where there is a Chinese," Liangzhu! "" Why did Liangzhu succeed and occupy such an important place in the hearts of countless Chinese? significance? Chen Gang explained: "Because it is not just a piece of music, but a symbol of the Chinese people and a symbol of beauty."
If "Butterfly Lovers" is like a glow rising from the east and illuminates the stage of the world, then a group of "red violins" songs written in the 1970s is like a spring breeze blowing into a household habit People's home.
In the late "Cultural Revolution", the public desperately needed spiritual comfort, while a violin boom came into being. Chen Gang wrote a series of beautiful and versatile violin solos with a variety of national rhythms, "Sunshine shines on the Taxkorgan," and then sent his hope to the people in that dark age.
I wrote Sunshine in the absence of sunshine. I wrote "Morning Miaoling" in the absence of a morning; I wrote a "golden hearth" in the absence of gold. What is the composer doing? The composer wrote the sun without sunlight, morning without morning, golden without gold. "At that time, Chen Gang had not been to Xinjiang and Guizhou. His focus was not on the national music itself, but on writing the unquenchable pursuit of" beauty "in the heart and safeguarding the dignity of" beauty. "
Chen Gang regards "beauty" as the highest standard of measuring the value of music and dissatisfaction with the overall appearance of seeking new and different ideas for modern music.
In 1981, Chen Gang visited Illinois in the United States. At a forum after the conclusion of a modern work concert, he expressed his own opinions in a clear-cut manner: "First, your performance has greatly expanded the palette of music that would not have been needed, including noise and specific music Second, it is difficult for me to hear the voice of people in your music. All I hear is the sound of the sound, the sound of the person behind the sound. Hard to hear; Third, there is a reception aesthetics in our music aesthetics, music is a signal, as in other cultures, is to have feedback, or why I send this signal? But many modern music neither feedback nor request You feedback. "
Chen Gang's view of modern music nearly 40 years ago is still worth noting in the heart of many current new works. Looking back at modern history, we can easily find out the emergence of Chen Gang is inevitable.
In 1843, the concessions of Shanghai, Britain, the United States and France were successively formed and expanded many times until all the concessions were returned in 1945. After years of struggle and integration, Chinese and Western civilizations in this land gave birth to a unique style of Shanghai culture. The essence of the Shanghai culture, summed up, that is, "Heiner rivers", all good things for others, can be used for what I used.
As a result, Chen Gang's father, Chen Gexin, wrote the pop song "Rose I Love You" and the first modern song "Spring Flower Autumn Moon" in Shanghai, China's first popular world. His alma mater, (The first name of the National Conservatory of Music) as China's first independent higher education school was established in Shanghai. In this way, only Chen Gang.
Speaking of genealogy, Chen Gang said with a smile: "My great-grandfather was an Indian, he came to Shanghai to marry a Chinese wife and Pudong, my mother is a Hui, and they are just like Shanghai, a product of mixed blood. In the unity of. "Such a family ecology may seem quite unusual today, but at the time of Shanghai is not uncommon. The family of Chen Gang is a microcosm of this immigrant city in terms of blood and culture.
Richer than the blood is Xuemai.
Chen Gang compared the national audio-visual system of that year to "the United Nations." "My teacher Ding Shande returned from studying in France. He was a student of Aonig, a member of the Six-member Group, representing the French system. My vocal teacher Sang Tong, Yang and stone are Frankel's students, he is also my father's teacher, Frankel is a Schoenberg student, and his other teacher Tan Xiaolin is Hintmite's students, so it is representative of Germany and Austria System of this line; my work analysis teacher Arzavanov is the Soviet Union, his teacher is 斯科里布科夫, 斯科里布科夫 teacher is Taniyeifu, Taniyev's teacher Tchaikovsky, on behalf of the Soviet Union this line; He Luting Ting got a lot of folk artists, is China this line.
This amazing traceability seems to inadvertently answer many questions: Why is the "Butterfly Lovers" based on Yue Opera tunes able to gain worldwide appreciation? Why is the first batch of excellent Chinese art music was born in Shanghai rather than other places? ...
Chen Gang's success thanks to the inclusive Shanghai school culture, he not only proud, but also consciously inherit and spread this culture.
He founded the Koehler Culture Salon and brought together a group of people who love the culture of Shanghai to conduct extensive and in-depth discussions on the topic of culture and the arts. He also made socialization through such means as network platform and series publication, and promoted the construction of urban spiritual civilization.
Practice the "beauty"
Chinese people stress "words for the heart, the book for the heart painting." Chen Gang wrote "beauty" with musical notes and practiced "beauty" personally.
At the time of founding of new China, Chen Gang was only 14 years old. With the false report of 4 years old, he could join the army and enter the revolutionary ranks. He said that when participating in the revolutionary work at the time, the idea was very simple. It was for the purpose of revolutionizing the destiny of the motherland and building a beautiful new China.
In Chen Gang's life, there have been some gloomy time. "Breaking the Four Olds", the recordings of the Tone teacher were all cracked and handed down, and the score was also sold in six cents pillars. However, Chen Gang still kept a slow-moving record privately: Mahler "The Fourth Symphony song". Listening to the slow movement, he told himself: "The concert is back." Supporting Chen Gang through the dark years is "beauty." Perhaps from the beginning, "beauty" has changed from a creative belief to a living faith.
Wu Guanzhong, a famous painter, said: "There are not many illiterates in China today, but many are blinded and are even more terrible than illiteracy." Chen Gang agrees with this view and does not hide his own current trends in the cultural circles attitude.
With the rapid development of economy in contemporary China, towering high-rise buildings have been built in a very short period of time. Engineering project so, art can it? Chen Gang was denied.
In his opinion, just as a mother must have her "childbirth in October", art development has its own laws and should be respected by the people today. Repeatedly modified the model opera that year, excellence, can be described as "a decade of grinding drama," still played constantly; and if the same as building a house of art, you often produce fast-moving works.
"The criteria we judge are very simple, and to see who lives for a long time, art is something that lives longer than the writer," said Chen Gang.
Today, the 82-year-old Chen Gang looks back on his past memories. After decades of hard work, he solemnly said: "Our artists should inherit the beauty, spread the beauty, and defend the beautiful and beautiful messengers."
He never forget the "saving the nation by science, saving the nation by science" proposed by Cai Yuanpei in 1917 when he published the book entitled "Aesthetic Education for Religion" and just before his death. In his mind, this is the soul of the sounding officer.
When asked finally what hope this generation of young people have, Chen Gang said: "Of course, we often make innovations, of course, it is good, but more importantly, we must find our roots and our souls, and do not blindly Run forward. "