Article source：peninsula network - peninsula metropolis daily
Release time：Jun 05, 2018Page view：214
National people's congress representative Wang Yijun: fully boosting transformation of resource-exhausted cities
2018 - 03 - 19 08: 32 source: peninsula network - peninsula metropolis daily
A piece of ceramic mud can be nirvana into beautiful ceramics after being bathed in fire. a ceramic worker's child can grow into an industry master through time and practical experience. Wang Yijun, a representative of the national people's congress and chairman of zibo ceramic artists association, is one of the examples. At this year's national two sessions, Wang Yijun suggested further strengthening support for resource-exhausted cities and promoting the transformation and upgrading of local traditional industries. To speed up the construction of small towns with ceramic characteristics and to promote the inheritance, innovation and development of cultural industries.
Carrying on the art of carving porcelain with disciples
Wang Yijun is the child of ordinary ceramic workers in zibo. influenced by his family, he likes to run to the workshop of zibo ceramic factory when he was a child, make various " works" from ceramic clay, dry them in the air, and then secretly put them into saggar of kiln to " fire and form". It was also the understanding and the influence of his eyes in his youth that made him indissoluble in ceramics from now on. After graduating from high school, Wang Yijun entered the fine arts major of Shandong art institute. after graduation, he became a worker of zibo porcelain factory, a state-owned enterprise at that time, and plunged into the sea of ceramic art.
In the nineties of the last century, Wang Yijun's enterprise went bankrupt. in order to continue his beloved ceramic career, Wang Yijun chose to " work alone" and set up his own studio. With artistic talent and a lot of practice and innovation, Wang Yijun and his works were soon known. He also successively won honors such as Chinese ceramic master, chief technician of Shandong province, young and middle-aged experts with outstanding contributions in Shandong province, star of Qilu culture, high-skilled talents in Shandong province, top-notch talents in Shandong province's light industry system, and gold medal craftsmen in zibo, and became the dean of Shandong province's state ceramic painting and calligraphy institute and master's graduate student tutor. In the Shandong province labor skill competition, Wang Yijun was also invited to set the standards for three of these labor skill competitions.
" I grew up on the road of ceramics and have the obligation to help more people go further along this road. " Wang Yijun said that as the local ceramic industry's entrepreneurial mentor, he has always been obligated to teach those who have the intention to start their own businesses the art of carving porcelain, to help them find the direction of starting their own businesses, and to hold frequent public lectures on carving porcelain everywhere. In order to carry forward the art of carving porcelain, Wang Yijun has brought 17 disciples. several of them are older than Wang Yijun. some of them are retired school teachers. " there are 3 other disciples who are hearing-impaired patients. they have been studying carving porcelain with me for seven or eight years. now the technology of carving porcelain is very high, and they have become the backbone of the industry. " Wang Yijun said that he hopes to pass on the art of carving porcelain through the efforts of his masters and disciples.
More than 30 national gifts came from him
Peninsula reporter learned that since 2003, Wang Yijun has been invited to create state-of-the-art ceramic works. now he has created more than 30 state-of-the-art ceramic works. he not only shows the exquisite Chinese carved porcelain art to the whole world, but also integrates his firm belief in the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation into one painting and one chisel at a time.
Wang Yijun told reporters that he was obsessed with carving porcelain but did not stick to traditional methods. In the process of creative practice, he paid great attention to the study of the theory of carving porcelain, the application of new materials and the application of new techniques and techniques. After many times of practice, he invented crystalline glaze carved porcelain, colored glaze with virtual spray background carved porcelain, single-blade Italian carving combined with kiln variable glaze comprehensive decoration, Lu Qing porcelain under-glaze color new technology and so on. he tried to use various methods to create, in a special way, to enhance the expression of his works from a special perspective. Wang Yijun gave an example of his work dream goose fair, which won the national innovation gold medal. the inspiration for this work came from his reading of Wang Xizhi's preface to Lanting collection. in the picture, the two geese were leisurely walking in the snow. they were shown by crystalline glaze, and the feeling of dream was well combined with the art of carving porcelain.
Transformation of resource-exhausted cities meets challenges
In addition to its love for ceramic art, as a representative of the national people's congress, Wang Yijun is also very concerned about the economic transformation of resource-exhausted cities. He introduced that Zichuan district of zibo city is an industrial and mining area with a long history in our country and an important source of basic energy and raw materials. It has been more than 100 years since Germany began to dig coal in Zichuan in 1905. According to statistics, Zichuan district has contributed 300 million tons of raw coal, 15.18 million tons of bauxite, 300 million tons of limestone and 100 million tons of iron ore to the country since 1950. The resource-based industry is the main body of the industrial economy in Zichuan district. coal, ceramics, cement and other resource-dependent industries once accounted for more than 70 % of the economy. Due to long-term high-intensity development, the main mineral resources in Zichuan area are increasingly exhausted, and the economic benefits of resource-based industries continue to decline, affecting the local economic and social development and the improvement of the government's public service capacity.
" in 2011, with the approval of the state Council, Zichuan district was listed as the third pilot area for the transformation of resource-exhausted cities in the country. As of 2017, all the central support funds were used for infrastructure construction, ecological environment improvement, industrial transformation, and people's livelihood development, which played a huge role in promoting the transformation and development of resource-exhausted cities in Zichuan district. " Wang Yijun said, however, Zichuan, as an old industrial and mining area, still faces many difficulties and challenges. the new momentum of economic development is insufficient and the quality and benefits need to be improved. The total emission of pollutants is still relatively large, and environmental control has a long way to go. The people's livelihood and social undertakings still have unbalanced and insufficient development. Wang Yijun said that zibo city was selected as the first batch of demonstration zones for industrial transformation and upgrading of old industrial cities and resource-exhausted cities in the country in 2017. in 2018, the construction of a comprehensive experimental zone for conversion of old and new kinetic energy in Shandong province was approved by the state Council, which brought unprecedented opportunities and challenges to Zichuan district. How to carry out traditional industrial transformation and upgrading, talent introduction, mine restoration and management, and people's livelihood protection projects in the new era is the top priority for the transformation and development of old industrial areas, overall revitalization and advancement, and to speed up the construction of a modern economic system.
It is suggested to speed up the building of ceramic town
For this reason, Wang Yijun suggested that zibo should strongly support the development of new energy automobile manufacturing industry. zibo city has made an annual output of 200,000 new energy electric vehicles one of the key construction projects for the transformation and development of resource-exhausted cities in Zichuan district. it is suggested that relevant state ministries and commissions give strong support and approve the production qualification of new energy passenger cars as soon as possible. this will lay the foundation for accelerating the pace of industrialization of new energy automobiles in Shandong, promoting the development of energy-saving and environmental protection and new energy automobile industry, and cultivating billions-class automobile manufacturing and parts industry clusters. To shift the support policies for major projects that transform old and new energy into resources-exhausted cities, it is suggested that in accordance with the principle of " giving equal priority and relaxing appropriately," major projects in resource-exhausted cities should be given priority in terms of investment policies and layout of major projects. major projects that can give full play to their resource advantages, have markets and are competitive should be given priority to projects that comprehensively utilize resources and encourage the development of continuing industries.
Wang Yijun suggested to increase the central capital transfer payment for the construction of resource-exhausted cities, giving priority to major transformation projects, ecological restoration and environmental treatment projects, land consolidation projects, circular economy projects, infrastructure projects and people's livelihood projects in resource-exhausted cities according to their city characteristics, development basis and transformation direction, and promoting local investment through central capital support. And to promote the support and flow of science and technology and talents to resource-exhausted cities, he said that resource-exhausted cities have a certain industrial foundation. in the process of transformation and development, it is suggested to introduce policies to support the transformation of resource-exhausted cities into science and technology and talents from the national level. scientific research institutes and universities will focus on the transformation and development of resource-exhausted cities, encourage and support the flow of various types of talents to such cities, innovate and start businesses, support the transformation of various types of scientific research achievements in resource-exhausted cities, and support resource-exhausted cities to declare major national science and technology projects, so as to promote the rapid growth of emerging industries and innovation and entrepreneurship and provide inexhaustible power for the sustainable development of resource-exhausted cities.
In combination with the transformation and upgrading of the local ceramic industry in zibo, Wang Yijun also suggested to speed up the building of a compact ceramic town, increase government investment and clarify the financial support policies for characteristic towns. Increase the support for planning and preparation, include town-level platforms in the category of policy support, clarify the support policies for traditional ceramic cultural industries, accelerate the inheritance, innovation and development of ceramic cultural industries, and create new business cards for Chinese ceramics.
/ for voice /
Do a good job of non-genetic protection to make ancient skills live
" we are more precious than pandas! " state-level intangible cultural heritage - Sun Yanling, the fourth-generation inheritor of the Bohai sea and a representative of the national people's congress from Heilongjiang province, said.
What she calls " we" refers to a national non-genetic inheritor like her. In Sun Yanling's view, these inheritors are not only small in number, but also each person is responsible for the important task of cultural inheritance, that is, our " cultural national treasure". we must vigorously protect and support them, do a good job in non-legacy undertakings, and make the ancient skills rejuvenate.
According to her introduction, the Bohai sea has a history of more than 1,000 years and is different from other embroidery stitch and thread. " from the visual effect, the small jasper embroidery in the south looks like Chinese painting, while the Bohai sea's dark embroidery looks more like oil painting. ”
After learning embroidery from an early age, Sun Yanling became a national non-genetic inheritor. she knew that she was no longer the " little embroiderer" with only a few disciples, and that her responsibilities were even heavier.
Sun Yanling has set up an embroidery enterprise to carry out production cooperation with over 1,300 local embroiderers and has trained over 20,000 people in this industry. " I think that intangible cultural heritage can improve people's lives and is very great. " she said.
In order to let more people know this ancient skill, she opened a folk museum in Mudanjiang. Over the past few years, the number of exhibits in the museum has increased from several hundred to tens of thousands, from receiving several tourists a day to visiting hundreds of thousands of people every day. This museum in Xiao Xiao has become a " grand lecture hall" for promoting the embroidery and dissemination of local history and culture in the Bohai sea. At the same time, Sun Yanling and his colleagues are also actively promoting intangible cultural heritage into campus activities.
" this year's government work report proposes to strengthen the protection and utilization of cultural relics and the protection and inheritance of cultural heritage. We are very encouraged. Sun Yanling said that in recent years, the state has done a lot of work on the inheritance of intangible cultural heritage and has achieved remarkable results in " rescue" protection of the inheritors. However, there are still some unsatisfactory aspects at present. on the one hand, the society's attention and understanding are not enough. on the other hand, there is a tendency in some places to " attach importance to declaration and neglect protection", which restricts non-genetic inheritance.
Sun Yanling suggested to intensify the inspection of the implementation of the intangible cultural heritage law, introduce specific management rules for intangible cultural heritage projects, change the concept of everything going well after the successful declaration of some local projects, and effectively protect each intangible cultural heritage project.
" some inheritors have no business experience and need the government to play a certain role in promoting the management of intangible cultural heritage projects. She pointed out that for some non-heritage projects that cannot be developed into industry like embroidery, the local government can make full use of holidays and other opportunities to allow space for the exhibition of ancient skills and let more people know and understand our splendid culture.