Article source： Xi' an conservatory of music
Release time：Aug 04, 2018Page view：105
Qiao Jianzhong and Zhang Junren visit " Yuefu forum"
Time: may 4, 2012 source: Xi' an conservatory of music
On April 25 and 26, 2012, professor Qiao Jianzhong, researcher of the music research institute of the Chinese academy of art, president of the Chinese traditional music institute, doctoral tutor, friend of our college, and professor Zhang Junren, Ph.D. of ethnomusicology, vice-president of the Chinese traditional music institute, vice-chairman of Gansu musicians association and dean of the music institute of northwest normal university, both visited the Yuefu forum of our college and held two wonderful academic lectures for teachers and students of our college.
In the lecture entitled " China's national instrumental music art in the 20th century", Qiao Jianzhong mainly carried out the following aspects: " retrospection of Chinese traditional instrumental music art", " existing types of instrumental music art", " instrumental music performance since the 20th century", " causes of instrumental music art as an independent performance category", " cultural choices faced by composers" and " some brief opinions on the current creation of national instrumental music". He first pointed out that in China's thousands of years of civilization, the 20th century has a special status and significance. On the one hand, since the 20th century, we have started to comprehensively and systematically record and sort out the rich and colorful heritage of traditional music that has survived in various regions of various nationalities and published it publicly, making it a treasure book of Chinese national culture. On the other hand, based on the traditional Chinese music resources, and extensively absorbing and learning from the western professional music concepts and techniques, a brand-new music is created that is different from the traditional music genre and style, so as to realize " the overall transformation of the Chinese music structure in the 20th century".
Qiao Jianzhong first listed various kinds of instrumental music performing arts existing in the folk, such as " palace ritual music type", " folk custom type", " theater type" and " elegant collection type". After that, I made a theoretical summary of the main factors that led to the appearance of many national instrumental music art forms since the 20th century. He pointed out that the incorporation of national instrumental music into the professional ranks of music colleges is the first sign to turn Chinese instrumental music art into an independent performing category. The " change of performance occasion and performance function" has become an important factor for the independence of instrumental music. Furthermore, along with folk artists entering music schools, they played a crucial role in the inheritance of national instrumental music. At the same time, the reform of various musical instruments over the past few decades is the guarantee for the smooth development of national instrumental music. In addition, the adaptation, arrangement and creation of traditional folk music works, as well as the establishment of large-scale folk orchestras, have jointly promoted the brilliant and splendid artistic chapters of folk instrumental music since the 20th century.
Another climax of the whole lecture focused on the speech on the key point of " composer's cultural choice". He analyzed and summarized from three aspects: tradition and modernity, creation technology and concept, inheritance and innovation. In the lecture, Qiao Jianzhong, with profound theoretical accumulation and vivid examples of works, provided a full audience with a panoramic understanding of the Chinese national instrumental music art in the past century, which is thought - provoking.
On the morning of the 26th, Zhang Junren brought another lecture under the topic " the morphology of traditional music in northwest China is distributed in tone characteristics". First, he presented a map of the geographical distribution of various representative folk music varieties in northwest China to teachers and students present. then, he focused on the issues of " Hua' er popular area" and " Xiao qu' popular belt" in northwest China. based on the distribution of different types of music forms, he described and summarized the characteristics of northwest folk music. the types of folk music involved folk songs, operas, instrumental music and other aspects.
In the second part of the lecture, Zhang Junren carried out an analysis of the tone characteristics of traditional music in northwest China. He selected an early folk music literature and published the " shaanxi-gansu-ningxia folk song anthology" in 1954. he analyzed the music form of 572 folk songs in the collection one by one, so as to summarize the music form characteristics. the novelty of the research materials, the meticulous research methods and the uniqueness of the research perspective are all commendable. Throughout the lecture, Zhang Junren went deep and shallow, presenting careful and rich data analysis at times and lively singing at other times to provide examples for teachers and students.
The presenters of the two lectures were professor Luo Yifeng, executive deputy director of the northwest national music research center, and director of the scientific research office Li baojie. Before the end of each session, the teachers and students present had a warm exchange and interaction with the two scholars on the issues involved in the lectures and their usual learning and thinking.