Send "Domestic Dynamic Sample Sampling": Professor He Daxin recommends that the terms "Chinese" and "Mandarin" should be changed to "Chinese"
Article source：Xinhua News Agency
Release time：Jan 09, 2018Page view：242
Professor HE Daxin proposed that the language now used by the Chinese is more commonly referred to as "Chinese," sometimes called "Chinese" in some foreign countries, and officially defined as "Mandarin" in the 1950s. Before the founding of New China, the Kuomintang The government also used the term "Mandarin" to promote it. He Daxin think these words are not conceptually correct from the root. The first is "Chinese." Oracle, unearthed in Yin Ruins, Anyang, Henan Province, proves that as early as 3000 years ago, Chinese ancestors had already created rich and well-shaped texts, while the concept of "Han" emerged more than 2,000 years ago. In 202 BC, Liu Bang established the Western Han Dynasty, after he had been designated as the "King of Han Dynasty" by Xiang Yu as the head of eighteen kings and under the command of "Han China" in Hanzhong, Shu and Bansu. In the past, Han "concept appeared in Chinese history. Our language is still earlier than the text, at least 5000 years of history, the main Chinese language of the ancestors of the Chinese people is called "Chinese" time not yet known as "Chinese" for a long time. Therefore, the use of "Chinese" to define the language used throughout China is at least unsustainable. Moreover, it is easy to cause "political" and "cultural" passive "Chinese" under the new situation. For example, we promote Chinese in ethnic minority areas in Xinjiang, Tibet and Inner Mongolia. The local youth issue this question: I am a Uygur, a Tibetan and a Mongolian. Why do we learn Chinese? Foreign nationals who are keen to learn Chinese also wonder , I learn Chinese, why is it called "Chinese"? Second, the definition of "mandarin" is also lack of scientific. The corresponding word of "Mandarin" is "special language", while the actual corresponding word is the minority language. This produces two drawbacks. One is that it confronts Chinese with other languages of ethnic minorities. The second is that such a concept is not available all over the world. What does "ordinary" mean? How Chinese teachers explain to foreign students that we teach you "Mandarin"; and thirdly, the term "Mandarin" has long since become history, and we can not resume the call of the KMT when it came to power. Moreover, this call has a very strong regional and subjectivity. How do we say to foreigners that we hope you learn our Mandarin? Fourth, the term "Mandarin" is conceptually better than the three words above, but not perfect. "Hua" can not cover the present national population in Chinese history.
He Daxin believes that the languages of major countries in the world are generally named after the abbreviation of the country, such as Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Japan. The Chinese name is "中". The concept is very good, big and accurate, and we have been using it , Such as "China and the United States," "Russia," "one China." The most scientific, accurate and viable Chinese language should be called "Chinese." The languages of major countries in the world today include English, French, Russian, German, Japanese, and so on. The Chinese language is called "Chinese" and the language is called "Chinese" , But also with the Chinese text "Chinese" corresponds.
He Daxin believes that there are four significant benefits of reunification of Chinese language into "Chinese": one is to conform to and be regulated by the written language of the major countries in the world; the other is to facilitate the study of foreigners and to expand the Chinese language; The impact of the world on the one hand, and the promotion of popularization on the other hand in ethnic minority areas nationwide. The government respects and protects the right of ethnic minorities to use their own language. However, you are the first Chinese to learn how to use the Chinese language. Fourth, it is necessary to check and balance "Taiwan's independence," "Hong Kong independence," "Tibet independence," " "Split activities. The Chinese government can make it clear in these places that since what you said has always been Chinese, why is it not Chinese?
He Daxin said that the most obvious deficiency in using "Chinese" is that people are not used to it, mainly because people in China are not used to it. In fact, you do not have to worry about it. Once the global media has been used for three months, the entire world has become accustomed to using the term "Chinese". "Seoul" to "Seoul", "Ceylon" to "Sri Lanka" not all like this? And then, we can enjoy the convenience and benefits of changing to "Chinese".
He Dasheng finally said that for thousands of years, Chinese language (here for the time being called Chinese) has played an important role in maintaining unity and national assimilation in China. Many historical facts prove that many Chinese Han people became Chinese because they spoke Chinese . At present, China is entering a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. In the field of entering a new era, the front line of politics, economy and military is culture, and the culture enters before others can follow. We must stand on the steps of history and the world from the perspective of a big nation and a large nation in order to name our own language and call "Chinese" too stingy. This is a national event. It is believed that once the new naming is achieved, the Chinese language will show unprecedented advantages. He Daxin suggested adopting the "Chinese language" in a unified manner, preferably through the proposal made by the NPC or the CPPCC National Committee in the next term or by the State Council directly using the "State Council Order" to complete the document.
He Daxin, 65, a member of the Communist Party of China, has long been engaged in economic and cultural studies and has been teaching doctoral and master students since retirement. In the recent seven or eight years, his main energies have been used to study Chinese history and culture. He is now a member of the Senior Experts Advisory Committee of the Association of Old Scientists in Sichuan Province and enjoys the government subsidy from the State Council. He is also a member of the CPPCC National Committee of the Tenth CPPCC in Sichuan Province, , Director of the proposal committee.
(Reporter Zhu Hailei)