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He Daxin: roaring a throat for China's hydropower

Article source:Hong Kong and Macao Daily

Release time:Feb 15, 2008Page view:91

In a solidified and stable society, journalists are a special kind of profession. They can carry out cross-sectoral, trans-regional, inter-provincial, trans-national and inter-administrative levels to the white areas, restricted areas, dangerous areas, special zones, public hot spots, difficulties and blind spots that most people can not get into. Investigation, interview. They can come into contact with all kinds of benevolent civilians and can draw a closed-ended inside story from politicians' mouths. They can scrape out the secrets of wealth to be paid off from the brains of the business tycoons. From a criminally criminally convicted criminal Guessed in the eyes of that bit has not vanished conscience. In short, the reporter lived a career "tramp" career, immortals, tigers, dogs three images co-exist at the same time. Like the lone wolves in the desert steppe, they flew from one foraging point to another for food, chewing the blood, bones and crusts of the captured prey.


       For most people, life has only one attitude, but journalists can choose to adopt another attitude in this attitude, with their suspicious eyes, sharp observation, unique writing, dipped in blood, Dipped in tears, dipped in sweat, sketched out a major event naked carcass, sketched the strongest of the times a heavy pace.


       He Daxin, a Shenyang native of Liaoning Province, first served as a reporter at Xinhua News Agency's Liaoning Branch, later as vice president of Hebei Branch of Xinhua News Agency, and later as the president of Xinhua News Agency's Sichuan Branch. In this position, he worked for eight years. Encircling, point, song, sigh news events are many, what is most proud of what Daxin is a roar for China's hydropower a throat.


       Tian Bingxin: On October 18, 2002, Xinhua News Agency sent a speech to the world "Xiluodu over the Three Gorges Power Station, Xiangjiaba power station officially approved by the state, Southwest China will rise a hydropower plateau." Prior to this, Pubugou Hydropower Station has been approved to start the project and start preparation. Since then, a number of giant power stations such as Jinping, Wudongde and Baihetan have also formally started or started the demonstration. I have heard that you participated in the demonstration of this huge project with over 100 billion yuan investment from start to finish and conducted a serious interview in the face of very controversial conditions. We calmly analyzed and dared to speak out to the highest standards of the party and the country's state of affairs. Own opinion As a reporter, it is exciting, right?
He Daxin: You have also been a reporter at Xinhua News Agency. I believe you and I will share the same feeling. All of us engage in news. In fact, there is only one of the greatest reporters in the world. Her name is history. She is too fair, too unkind, too calm, too long.


       Tian Bingxin: In fact, when a reporter not only reported the truth, but you also saw the truth behind the truth and made a prediction in advance, what is your participation in the so-called Chunjiang Plumbing Duck Prophet? Huge project demonstration and investigation process?


       He Daxin: I left Hebei on June 27, 1998 and went to Sichuan to perform my duties. A week ago, on June 19, when people had not yet arrived in Sichuan, they took the position of acting president of Sichuan Branch and their deputy chief editor of Sichuan Branch when they were in Beijing. Soon he was comrade Jin Xiaoming, vice president of Henan Branch Participated in the editorial by the agency editor in chief of the South Beach, led by Comrade Ertan completion of the first unit of the unit reported key deployment of power generation. Shortly after arriving in Sichuan, I was there to celebrate and witness the majesty of Ertan Power Station. Since then, in more than a year's time, he went to Ertan for four trips and wrote a long message of "Bravely Going Global" in late 1999 (Xinhua Daily Telegraph, December 23, 1999, "," Panzhihua Daily "are published in a prominent position in the headlines). Early 2000 Written internal reference draft "West to East should expand their horizons focus on coordinated support", published in the "dynamic domestic sample" on. In my opinion, Ertan Power Station uses the World Bank loan, the main project and the international bidding of major equipment. It adopts the internationally-accepted Fiddick terms and manages in accordance with the international normative project management mode and cultivates a group of professionals who understand technology, good management, markets and pioneering Consciousness of complex talents, accumulated in the market economy under the conditions of construction and management of giant hydropower project experience, Ertan construction is extremely successful, for the construction of giant power station in China a good start. However, as Ertan six units are connected to one another in succession, public opinion and some experts are also beginning to pay attention to the phenomenon of abandoning water and causing losses caused by the sale of electricity in Ertan.


       Tian Bingxin: In recent years, with the great strides in China's economy and society, due to the differences in natural conditions, resources and history, China's development is uneven and the gap between north and south is great. In such a gap, the release of any red tape is like a small sailing boat in the middle of anger. Some see the head and some see the tail. Around these gaps, many Chinese economists have emerged Some say good, others say bad; some say right, others say no. Especially in Beijing, the capital of China, there are also a group of scholars gathered in this capital. They live in the capital just a short way from Tiananmen Square to give top-notch comments. They also have more chances to speak to high-level officials. In a certain period of time and under certain circumstances, Very large.


        He Daxin: This is the case, on the Ertan Hydropower Station, controversial. Beijing has a well-known scholar. After a period of research, he published an article titled "The Three Major Development Projects in Western China on April 15, 2000, at the 27th issue of the" China's National Conditions Analysis and Research Report "provided to the top decision-making body of the Central Government. Principle - Ertan Hydropower Project Serious Losses Research Report "(then published). The article fairly evaluated the construction and management of Ertan hydropower station, objectively demonstrated and analyzed its loss phenomenon and reasons, and also put forward some very insightful suggestions. Unfortunately, the article concludes: Ertan current situation is entirely due to human factors, is a typical failure of the policy, the failure of the program and the failure of the system. The article suggests: "In handling the issue of Ertan, the Central Government must have authority, speak to count, and regulation and control measures. Ertan is the largest project invested by the World Bank in China and the efficiency of Ertan Project is directly related to Whether the debt repayment can be repaid on schedule or on an interest-rate basis directly involves China's international credit problems. To this end, the Central Government must take decisive and resolute measures. In the event of non-compliance, not only should the State Power Company and local leaders be held accountable, And should be deducted from the corresponding financial transfer payments in Sichuan and Chongqing, Sichuan and Chongqing will no longer invest in new projects.


      Tian Bingxin: The scholar's speech has played a role?


      He Daxin: still have a role. China's officialdom has always had unspoken rules at work. The scholar's definition of the above recommendation is one thing, but the consequences are quite different. Although under the premise of "if", the concept of "no longer investing in new projects in both places in Sichuan and Chongqing" has played a marvelous role. At the very least, it has affected the work of the relevant state ministries and commissions on the implementation of water conservancy projects in Sichuan and Chongqing, Decision making of the abundant large hydropower project in Sichuan Province. Sure enough, after the above statements were made, more than a year's time, the relevant state departments failed to approve any of several major hydropower projects that Sichuan Province has already reported.


      "More hydropower in Sichuan." For a time, at some levels in Chinese society there was a saying that now looks like a joke, then quite marketable. Sichuan Province is in a hurry, some state departments and some leaders in Sichuan Province are anxious. In May 2000, Zou Guangyan, deputy governor of capital construction in Sichuan Province, sent me to his office, vociferously refuting this argument.


       Tian Bingxin: Do you agree with this refute?


        He Daxin: This one thing to talk about in late January 1999 one thing, I travel to Sichuan Province with the investigation and study of five cities in southern Sichuan. In a dinner in Yibin City, I just took the plate full of vegetables, has been sitting next to a table of the CPC Sichuan Provincial Party Committee Secretary Xie Shijie greeted me to sit beside him, has been the governor to now Zhang Zhongwei sitting in the other One side. Soon afterwards, Xie Shijie said to me: Now there is a saying that in the near future in the southwestern region should not be easy on the big hydropower, I think, not on the big hydropower, one from the national layout, we should look from the perspective of the national energy allocation southwest Hydropower; second is to look at hydropower from a long-term point of view, can not focus on immediate benefits. Dah Sing, can you take the time out of their own fencing engage in a research. Governor Zhang Zhongwei also took the words, generally expressed the same meaning. I listened, a kind of feeling to eat beef jerky, more chewy taste, but also out of courtesy, promised to study the subject as soon as possible.


        Tian Bingxin: This is again the difference between Xinhua News Agency and local media. We can jump out of a province and a district and stand on a more open perspective to see the issue.


         He Daxin: Yes, Ertan Hydropower Station in the end losses and losses, Southwest especially in Sichuan can not easily re-large hydropower project can hold the word. I have done a careful sort of these. I have a copy of a letter that was written by the then head of the provincial party committee in July 2000 to the then Premier Zhu Rongji of the State Council. In the letter, he wrote: "... Recently, there was a lot of discussion between Ertan Hydropower Station and Ertan Hydropower Station on its production and capability. I think there should be an objective analysis. When such a large unit is put into operation, there is a digestion process (the same in the whole world) Coupled with the Chongqing draw, the original distribution of electricity to Chongqing is two-thirds, and now less than one-third of electricity .... Sichuan hydropower resources in the unified power market in order to balance the resources The rational allocation, .... "


         Tian Bingxin: Now popular one sentence: the details determine the success or failure. In fact, let me say that the overall situation determines the success or failure, a high degree of success or failure. Details are the things the performer takes notice of, the big picture, and the height of what policy makers are paying attention to. What is your point of view to sort out?
He Daxin: first out of Sichuan to speak Mandarin. Up till now, it has been actively advocated that the Sichuan Dashujang hydropower project is mostly the Sichuan people or the leader who is working in Sichuan. Will the voice from this platform be "Sichuan dialect"? As a Xinhua News Agency reporter who shoulders the solemn function of the party Central Committee and the important functions of the State News Agency, he is working in Sichuan Province. He and the experts who work in Beijing and specialize in macroeconomics can even argue with the decision-making chiefs at the highest level. Have to speak for the place, to the country to project, fight for suspicion of interest?


        I myself must go out of this misunderstanding. Before I put into a detailed interview, I gradually cleared out four points: First, hydropower in Sichuan is not hydropower in Sichuan. It is hydropower in China. Like hydropower in Heilongjiang, coal in Shanxi and natural gas in Xinjiang, it must not be surnamed Black , Jin, new, and are surnamed "country." Important resources must be considered from the perspective of comprehensive national configuration; second, the key areas for electricity use in China are in the east, while the resources are mainly concentrated in the west and the western regions should consider the overall development layout; thirdly, China is a large water resources country and now the generating capacity of five Four out of four thermal power, the structure is very unreasonable. As the first choice of giant power station with an installed capacity of more than 3 million kilowatts in China, its losses are characterized by its own system and rules and its laws and regulations on hydropower generation. Should be objective analysis.


         My heart is selfless world wide, established a national point of view, we can do that out of Sichuan to speak Mandarin. I think.
Second, face the scholar objectively. To put it bluntly, is it possible to refute the scholar's point of view. In the meantime, I had never known myself as a scholar, nor did I offend others; secondly, I had not been superficial enough to roar a celebrity, but at that time I had the idea that the scholar was a famous economist, But also occupy an important position in the macroeconomic theory is indeed a high theory, a great contribution to the country, I learned less. However, for some time, the scholar said that China's hydropower, the textile industry in China, and the losses caused by official corruption to the national economy, are quite scrupulous. I think, as an expert in macroeconomics, if the middleman and the microeconomy are equally proficient and can always say good words, then he is not an expert but an immortal. More importantly, using objective laws and facts to refute Mr. Hu's viewpoint is absolutely not in the face of this scholarly individual, but entirely from the national interest. This is the highest interest, a journalist and a scholar of the relationship, in comparison, insignificant. The scholar holds a "cautious" attitude towards Sheung Shui Power. The starting point is that the country is protected from losses. My attitude towards "China Power" is "positive." The starting point is that China needs electricity and needs to adjust its power pattern. It is also for the sake of protecting the country from losses. The "prudent" and "positive" starting points are good, but as the official language, the appearance is beautiful, and the philosophical thinking and objective effects are quite different.


        Tian Bingxin: during that time the mood is more complicated?


        He Daxin: In one sentence, you can suffocate people without saying anything.


       Tian Bingxin: For this survey, how many times have you gone to Ertan?


        He Daxin: before and after five or six times. But I went to Ertan for the fifth time, but for the first time I came to Ertan with the question "Is there more hydropower in Sichuan?" If you do not understand Ertan, you will not be able to answer this question. Ertan is located 30 kilometers upstream of the confluence of the Yalong River and the entire Shajiang River in the mountain west of Panzhihua. Since more than two years ago, I have come to Ertan four times, the first high dam in Asia, the six hydroelectric generating units with installed capacities of 550,000 kilowatts respectively, the central command system for power stations, the high voltage transmission system, Reservoir areas and flood gates and other natural conditions and Ertan company's management has been familiar with, no longer see and ask, I sink, calm down, closely linked to this purpose, interviewed when Ertan hydropower development limited liability Liu Junfeng, general manager of the company. Liu mainly introduced to me the position of Ertan in the national hydropower and the role it plays in sending electricity from west to east. He interviewed Sun Zhongbi, the former vice chairman of Ertan Development Co., Ltd. and Liu Junfeng's predecessor. Sun introduced in detail the construction loans and taxation situation of Ertan, with particular emphasis on the causes of Ertan losses. He interviewed several senior engineers from Chengdu Exploration and Design Institute of State Power Company, who introduced the functional features of Ertan Hydropower Station As well as the other important hydropower projects in Sichuan. Later, he went to Panzhihua where he interviewed Qin Wanxiang, party secretary of the party. Qin Shuji introduced me to the positive effect of Ertan Hydropower Station's construction and power generation on Panzhihua's economic development and environmental protection.


         Tian Bingxin: This is the advantage of Xinhua News Agency research, fast, accurate, no scholar pretense, there is no bureaucratic layers of petition, reporting, can be said to reflect China's most convenient "Ho Chi Minh trail." How long have you interviewed in Ertan?


         He Daxin: four days. Four interviewed all day, I was like a hard cup of liquor, my head a little swollen, something more good, go back to Chengdu and then screening it. After returning to Chengdu, I interviewed Zou Guangyan, Vice Governor of Sichuan Province, Li Yaping, Deputy Director of Provincial Development and Planning Commission, and Shi Wanjian, General Manager of Sichuan Electric Power Co., Ltd. They introduced me rationally to the layout and development of hydropower in Sichuan province. As well as the relationship between power generation and power grid construction. Vice Governor Zou Guangyan is a Shandong Han, full of Shandong, he is very familiar with the macro situation, a large set of land to tell me the great potential of Sichuan Electric Power and the role of national economic development; northeast fellow Shiwanjian is a power pass, he has Article reasonably put forward how to deal with the development of several Southwest hydropower relations. Breaking up, not only instructed the company propaganda department Jiang Yu gave me a lot of relevant information, also recommended to me a few famous ministries and commissions in the country's power company and several well-known power experts.


       Strike while it is hot. I flew non-stop to the capital, according to Shi Wanjian general manager of the recommendation interviewed several national ministries and power companies, experts. After that, I came to the Ministry of Water Resources to find the current Deputy Minister of Water Resources. Previously, he served as deputy governor of Sichuan province is right book. When he was working in Sichuan, he had to go to Tibet to visit the areas of aid to Tibet and work out together in the suburbs for his fitness.