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Gao Hongbo: October's agreement pays tribute to childhood
Gao Hongbo: October's agreement pays tribute to childhood Yutian culture, Gao Hongbo, 2017 - 10 - 10 Tribute to childhood About the author Gao Hongbo, pen name to Sichuan. Children's literature writer, poet, essayist. Successively published " elephant judge", " goose goose goose", " stone crocodile", " the secret of shouting spring", " I like you, fox" and other fourteen children's poetry; " Persian cat", " drunk", " life anecdotes", " Gao Hongbo army prose", " ink interest and inkstone rhyme" and so on more than 30 prose essays; " the secret of the bird stone", " meet no rabbit" and other 11 children's fairy tales; Fairy tales on goose's back - a glimpse of Chinese and foreign children's literature, two critical collections of love words to muse, and poems of heart sail and glory of poetry, etc. In July 2009, the Gao Hongbo collection ( eight volumes ) was published. Has won the national outstanding children's literature prize, five engineering award, national book award, Zhuang Chongwen literature prize, bing Xin children's book award, Chen Bochui children's literature prize, China children's publishing house " gold writer" and other awards. October agreement gao hongbo There are countless promise in life, There are countless more agreement. A: yes, sir Today, October and I This golden harvest season, Reach an honest agreement! I am at the age of sowing and ploughing, I sometimes confused and sometimes awake, Sometimes depressed, Sometimes happy crazy! A: yes, sir I am like the grass on spring Yuan Ye, More like a breeze through the grass tip. I'm like a timid rabbit, Also like a bold brown bear. All of this, Depending on my state and mood. A: yes, sir I like October Sky, From spring to autumn, Every cloud looks easy, So, I agreed with October: In the first month of school, I want to finish three wishes. Read two good books, Tell the story to the students; Protect the honor of the class, Weekly cleaning; The first to step into the classroom, Ventilate each window. The agreement of the three Xiao Xiao, October, October Please believe a teenager's firm and sincere. Xiao Xiao young agreement, in the golden October. After the completion of the three wishes, award to you a " color dream"! Colorful dream gao hongbo I have a big colorful dream, Some long, some round, some hard. They were lying in the pencil - box talking, As soon as open, jump on the white paper. A: yes, sir The place where the tiptoe glides Big lawn, green, Big wild flowers, red, Big sky, blue, Blue - get - through - Ming! A: yes, sir In the wooded valley The cedars took their hands and asked the bird to leave a song. …
Release date: Mar 26, 2018 Page view : 93
Children's literary circles to celebrate the learning party's 19 symposium and young and middle-aged children's literature masters forum held in youth
Children's literary circles to celebrate the learning party's 19 symposium and young and middle-aged children's literature masters forum held in youth 2017 - 10 - 26 Qingdao publishing group October 26 - 27, sponsored by the Chinese writers association children's literature Committee and Qingdao publishing group " children's literature circles to celebrate learning party's 19 symposium and young and middle-aged children's literature famous forum" held in Qingdao. Gao Hongbo, vice chairman of China writers association and director of China writers association Committee, Zhao haihong, deputy director of China writers association and research department, and Jia qingpeng, general manager of Qingdao publishing group attended the meeting. Some members of the Chinese writers association Committee participated in the study. The purpose of the meeting is to further study and implement the spirit of the party's 19th national congress, study the report of general secretary Xi Jinping, explore and prospect the mission, responsibility and development prospect of children's literature in the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and promote and flourish the practice and theoretical construction of children's literature. The meeting also invited Li Donghua, Liu Qiong, Wang Lin, Cui Xinping, Zhao Xia, Xu Yan, yi ping, Xiao Mao, Lu mei, Lu Lu Lu, Han qingchen, Zhao ling, Zhang jizhu and other young and middle-aged children's literature critics, writers and editors who have been active in recent years, to study the report of the 19th national congress of the communist party of China ( CPC ) in depth, combined with their own creation, research and practice, to explore the current development trend of original children's literature, outstanding problems in creation and phenomena worthy of attention, so as to promote the healthy and prosperous development of Chinese original children's literature.
Release date: Mar 26, 2018 Page view : 114
Chinese writers association " to the people" red literature light cavalry activities into Guizhou Bijie
Chinese writers association " to the people" red literature light cavalry activities into Guizhou Bijie January 30, 2018 07: 39 source: China writers network From January 27 to 28, Gao Hongbo, vice chairman of the Chinese writers association, and a team of three members of the Chinese writers association " to the people" red literature light cavalry team into Bijie, to carry out literature public lectures, creative symposium and related theme practice activities. Activities by the Guizhou writers association party secretary, vice chairman Zhang xuhuang presided over. Bijie city Federation chairman Liu qunfeng, Bijie city writers association chairman Yang Chunming attended the relevant activities, Bijie city, hezhang county, Bijie national tax Federation, writers association and the surrounding area county literature lovers more than one hundred people to participate in the activities. January 27 to 28, the Chinese writers association " to the people" red literature cavalry team into Bijie, literature public lectures, creative symposium and related topics of practical activities 27 in the morning, Gao Hongbo to " literature at the beginning of the heart is still period" as the topic, in hezhang county state taxation bureau held a literature public lecture, " my literary road, from the experience of living in Guizhou, especially during the youth sick leave to the library to borrow books and return books experience makes me unforgettable. It can be said that the conscious reading, achieved the literary dream of our generation, but also the cultivation of our initial literary heart ... " on the spot, Gao Hongbo combined with their own creative experience, to" I and Guizhou " and" I and literature " as the topic, small angle cut into, in-depth and shallow about the relationship between literature and life, literary creation and the cultural reserves and the times chance, outstanding literary works should have the spirit of the dimensions, etc., for the audience brought a special literary lecture. He encouraged the literary workers present not to forget the first heart, adhering to the faith, cherish the current writing environment, create more eulogizing the people, caring for the times, full of cultural self-confidence of outstanding realistic works. In addition to poetry writing, children's literature and other content and hezhang grassroots writers and literary lovers to carry out in-depth exchanges and interaction, many hezhang county poet, children's literature writers on-site recite their poems and nursery rhymes, please Gao Hongbo on-site guidance and comments, the atmosphere is very warm and active. In the afternoon, Gao Hongbo and his party also went deep into Bijie national tax writers' association, which has made outstanding achievements in the construction of grass-roots culture and carried out active literary activities, visited the writers of the three generations of senior middle-aged and junior writers of relevant industry systems and held a discussion and exchange. It is reported that on the eve of the 2018 spring festival, the Chinese writers association organized 15 red literature light cavalry " to the people" deep revolutionary old areas, ethnic areas, border areas, poverty-stricken areas to carry out public literature lectures, literary appreciation and interactive exchange activities, aimed at vigorously carry forward the spirit of wulan muzhi red literature light cavalry, with practical action to practice the duty and mission of literary workers in the new era, to convey the party's voice and concern, to carry out the people loved, easy to participate in public literature activities.
Release date: Mar 26, 2018 Page view : 91
The creative process of "I think"
The children's poem "I think" was created in the early 1980s. That time period in my memory in the good and nervous, the poor but full, the joy full of the bustle of the busy. My daughter, a typical "after 80", she was born to make me to become a father, in turn, children's writing as a poet, can be said to be the birth of your daughter made me realize that some sort of responsibility, in the face of her and her contemporaries, a group of since the reform and opening era of "lucky", I'm delighted accompanied, started the fountain type of children's poetry writing. Writing was used "fountain" word, because a period that Vince is fluent, poetry, often is a poem a poem creation, such as "I think" is the product of this state. I remember that it was a Beijing early spring, because there was only one room, and the wife was a gynecologist in a hospital. She returned from the night shift and needed a rest. I took my four-year-old daughter to Beijing's tiantan park for a full Sunday. Our father and daughter two people sat on the grass in the spring, enjoy the sunshine, the spring breeze and birds to take to person's joy, we hide and seek, fly a kite, to listen to in the park and enjoying the amateur led syndrone sing Beijing Opera excerpts of diferent schools; Ice cream, sugar gourd, white rabbit sugar. The grass was just green at that time, and the tiny buds of the leaf-leaf were rising out of the ground, but the yellow spring flowers were blazing with enthusiasm. My daughter, with her little feet, ran wild in the park, a four-year-old boy, a father of thirty-four. In this way the poetry collided with the spring. Back home at night, the inspiration, I can oneself, a sigh of relief to the eight questions, total title is "spring bookmarks" and then wrote "spring bookmark" in succession, "the beautiful aunt", "me", "beauty" and so on eight little poem, saying is "gradually", just one night, I use a girl's point of view, expresses the beauty, the beauty of poetry and the beauty of human nature, like the spring bookmarks, wrote: "I am under the peach pink, / picked up a few petals. / red peach blossoms smile at me, / laugh at my beautiful clothes. / I picked up a few petals under the tender yellow flowers. / the flowers spread their wings/fell on my heart. / I am under the snow-white magnolia tree, / pick up a few petals. / big big magnolia flower, / like a fan of spring breeze. / I use the blue handkerchief, / the spring petals/the old grandpa in the patient, / as a delicious bookmark... "This is actually my depiction of spring observations in the park, and several petals are real, and what I do is to integrate and construct the image of" petals ". "I think" is the fourth of the eight poems, and it should be admitted that the eight poems are pouring into my pen, and the writing is certainly uneven, but the real situation is so. Such as I have seen in the park unethical behavior of individual tourists, also borrow the daughter in criticizing perspective, this is the beautiful aunt, I wrote about the flowers in the beautiful aunt, suddenly broke off a peach blossom photography, the little hero to dissuade, "I love small peach trees, / to dissuade the aunt. / the beautiful aunt was angry, / the big eyes were full of anger! / as if I were a cold snap/blowing away her interest. / I feel sad and wronged/why is the aunt unreasonable? / isn't it beautiful to be selfish? / no, such a beautiful thing is ugly. Like this little poem, it was written in great joy and relief, but it was examined in the long river of history. Obviously the thought is bigger than the image, the poetry and the childishness is much weaker than "I think". Writing "I think" is very fluid, a few hands is a yawn. Because is also into the spring, going into the park a little girl's point of view, let the little girl's body directly into the spring, using the full range of synaesthesia expression, also follows naturally, naturally. Poem conceived from the beginning of the "hand", hand to "click on the peach tree branches," and the "feet", to "pick up" on the willow roots, then the "eyes", to "pack" on the kite, three children most familiar parts of the body, and the spring plants "peach", "willow" and common "kite" the poetic touch, again with the help of a bud, the sunlight, the song of the spring, the soil, nutrition, green awning, until soft white clouds, bright sun and blue sky is my classroom "for, completed the design of the first level. The second level to dig canal level progressive type, let little hero simply put the "I", in the spring of the earth, into the grass, flowers, or flying catkin and dandelions, imagine XiTeng, dungeons, should be a kind of typical characteristics of children's thinking, I will seize this characteristic, let the poetic control the imagination, let the inspiration course synaesthesia, finish the poem point fine pen: "however, fly to distant places/want to consult with my father and mother... "Imagine coming back to the reality, the small fire of heaven and earth has become a good baby again, complete the creation process of the whole poem in the humor, also achieved the purpose of the poem. French writer Victor Hugo is I like novelist, I remember he was in the book "paper to learn", page 119 of the view that "the poet's two eyes, one eye on human, first look at the nature. His first eye is called observation, and the latter is called imagination. To use Hugo's words to demonstrate the creative process of "I think" is an apt comment. Need to be added, I to the creation of the "I think", specifically choosing loud, catchy rhyme, rhyme and in the end, no rhyme and rhyme, this design from children's poem is easy to read, more easy to remember and recite, unexpected is that spring night created eight poem, "I think" has become one of the most prominent, she just won the China writers association in 1987 the first prize of national excellent children, went on to become part of the fifth grade book1&book 2 schools are teaching materials, these consequences are unexpected. Children are the most respectable human beings, and writing for children is a glorious and sacred mission. To be afraid of poetry into children's mind, for their splendid childhood add how much joy, is the goal I have been fighting for, only now in the children's poem is a long time, so miss all the writing "fountain" status, it was a good memory of youth, but also the carnival of vigor. This is the background and creation process of "I think".
Release date: Jan 15, 2018 Page view : 106
Interview with Gao Hongbo, a writer of children's literature
Interviewer: Gu Xuewen Interviewee: Gao Hongbo Children are the future of the country and the hope of the nation. The annual "61 Children's Day" is a good wish for the healthy, happy and happy growth of children. On the eve of another Children's Day, "Reporter" interviewed Gao Hongbo, vice chairman of the Chinese Writers Association. This writer who has created many excellent fairy tales and beautiful poems for children always cares about children's literature which is regarded as "Pediatrics". Today, when children 's literature turns from cold to hot and becomes the "sweetheart" of the market, Gao Hongbo believes that he must also be especially vigilant about literature being driven by the whiplash of a market economy: "Things to be written for children are sloppy. Character biography Gao Hongbo Poet, essayist, member of the CPPCC National Committee, vice chairman of the Chinese Writers Association, director of Children's Literature Committee. Essay "Private Message" won the Third National Children's Literature Award for outstanding works. "I think" won the first prize for outstanding works of children's literature, was selected into primary language teaching materials. Children's problems reflect the parents' problems Reporter: "June 1 Day" is a children's festival, but many people, including children and parents, are sighing. At present, children have no childhood but heavy academic burden. Gao Hongbo: that children have no childhood, is a false proposition. At any age, children can have childhood. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, the environment was so bad and the conditions were so tough that there was still a childhood record by Feng Zikai. The crux of the problem is how we understand childhood. If you look at a child with the eyes of an adult, it is easy to turn a blind eye to the needs of the child; if you force the child to live according to your requirements, the child is really no childhood. In fact, the needs of children is very easy to meet, but we often do not communicate well with their children, did not understand their real needs. Reporter: What caused our indifference to children's needs? Gao Hongbo: Now parents like to put their own wishes did not achieve, all put the child's weak shoulders, and made themselves and their children are very anxious, in addition to scores, certificates, eyes do not see the other. Reporter: You are also a parent. Are you anxious about your daughter's growth? Gao Hongbo: basically no. I would like my child to be healthy and healthy and will not force her to do anything. In the early 1980s, my daughter was born. Before, my poetry and prose writing mostly revolved around my ten-year military career. But then looked at the daughter of just full moon, I have a kind of urge to write poetry for her. I want to tell my daughter through poetry, my expectations of her, that is, physical and mental health, happy growth. My daughter wanted to be a kindergarten teacher and later wanted to go to the zoo as a manager. Now she's an ordinary tech worker, but she's happy, that's enough. The child chooses to do what he or she wants to do well. It is not the child's own choice. You are forced to do so. He / she is not good or happy. I and Bing Xin, Chen Blowing and other predecessors have contacts, their hope for children are all healthy and happy, their educational concept has a profound impact on me. Reporter: But now many children are not happy, often there will be negative news about children, in your opinion, what happened to children today? Gao Hongbo: I was very surprised and very sad when I first saw the news about a kid jumping off a building. Children's problems, more to reflect the problem of parents. Parents are the children's first responsible person, do not put any problems put the responsibility to the community. Children in the process of growing up, will encounter all kinds of troubles, this time, parents are his only dependents, if parents do not afford to understand, understand and help children's responsibility, but blame the people, blame the strange that you let the children Who to rely on? Teaching is better than teaching, parents are children's first teacher. Some parents complain that children do not love to read books, but parents do not have their own books? Have children and children reading? I did not set a good example, the children crooked, strange who? To say that children's literature is "pediatrics" is illustrating its importance Reporter: Let the child grow up physically and mentally healthy, seemingly simple, in fact, not easy to do. Gao Hongbo: Just like the health of your body, you should also lay a good foundation for your mental health. Reporter: Which of these, children's literature can play what role? Gao Hongbo: The healthy growth of the soul needs a healthy spiritual food, the spiritual food is children's literature. Borges said: "All great literature will eventually become children's literature." Or it can be said that children's literature is the beginning of man's literature, and literature has returned to its origins and beginnings. By reading children's literature, children expand their horizons, accumulate experience of dealing with setbacks, establish their own values and develop a positive mental state. With such a foundation, life is less likely to go extremes. Writer Zhang Wei once said: "Children's literature is not only not a preliminary literature, but also the entrance, foundation, and even the core of the whole literature.Any writer, the elements of children's literature, stripped from the creation and replacement, not Will be a good writer. "This passage represents a mature writer's understanding of children's literature. Reporter: Children's literature is not "pediatric" as some people think. Gao Hongbo: It's not wrong to say that children's literature is "pediatrics," because this shows the importance of children's literature. Are not all of us seeing pediatrics as a pediatric during our childhood? Pediatrics is not related to the growth of all healthy? Reporter: You are from the daughter to write poetry, embarked on the road to the creation of children's literature. In an essay, you wrote: "Boys, girls, you all love poems, because being friends with poetry is a happy thing." Why are you so eager to introduce "children and Poetry as a friend? Gao Hongbo: Poetry is the core of literature, and poetry is the closest to innocence. Being close to poetry increases children's innocence and wit, gives them a special perspective and perspective on life, and at the same time makes their language more colorful and vivid. Abroad, the two literary identity most valued, one is a poet, one is a children's literature. So I often jokingly said: I am the most proud of the people who write poetry to children, the most proud of. Children's writers are born, not created Reporter: Children's literature is so important, how can we judge the merits of children's literature? Gao Hongbo: Outstanding children's literature, on the basis of preserving the elements of literary values, is characterized by simple language and sincere emotions. The characters "always on the road" have no gap with the children. Good children's literature allows small readers to generate and maintain compassion and curiosity. When I was in junior high school, I read Verne's "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" and made me curious about the world. I have a deep memory so far. Reporter: What kind of writer can create excellent children's literature? Gao Hongbo: Children's literary creation requires a wonderful ability. At least the writer must maintain the relative purity of the mind. Use innocent children's eyes to look into the world. So, to a certain extent, children's writers are born, not created. He needs three support points: innocence, poetry and love. No childlike innocence, write the work is not playful, the children do not like to see; no poetry, works lack of artistic appeal; and love is the most basic elements of all excellent children's literature, are based on the author of the child Love. How can one write down children's love-see, sunshine-filled works when one sees a child and wants to kick a kick, a person with an indifferent temperament? Children's literature first have the temperature and heat, and then is the depth and breadth. Reporter: You and a number of older children's writers have had exchanges, they left you what kind of impression? Gao Hongbo: They are all funny people. I tell the story of the famous children's writer Yan Wenjing. He has a lot of jobs, heavy workload, but the bones is an "old urchin", the fairy tales written particularly well. Yan'an period, he was home with a little cock, neighbors also have a cock. Yan Wenjing found that every time two cocks fought, his cock was lost, because his neighbor's cock had a fight, and his hair was full on his neck. It looked particularly awesome and scared off his own cock. In order to help their little cock win the battle, Yan Wenjing even secretly caught the neighbor's cock, unplug the cock neck ring that hair. Harm each other has never thought to understand: how some people do not steal chicken, light chicken neck hair to pull it? On another occasion, I signed a book with Yan Wenjing, and the name he signed for the children was "Old Rabbit Yan Wenjing." I and he are rabbits, he is 36 years old, so I called "rabbit." This is the innocence of the old writer, stubborn, so he can create a naughty lovely character like Don Xiaoxi. The transformation of previous adult children's writing of adult literature is now reversed Reporter: The development of Chinese children's literature, what kind of historical path has passed? Gao Hongbo: The combination of children and literature gave birth to children's literature. Its history is 300 years in the world and shorter in China only 100 years. However, once this literary form has been established in China, it has a particularly stable and unique literary form. Ye Shengtao, Zhang Tianyi, Bing Xin, Zheng Zhenduo and Zhou brothers and other literary predecessors, have contributed to this literary category, Zhou Zuoren also published articles on children's literary theory. However, because of various historical reasons, children's literature has entered a period of silence. More than 30 years ago, there were only two children's literature publishing houses in China, one in Shanghai and one in Beijing. At that time, society generally did not value children's literature. Former Secretary of the Ministry of Culture and Children Division Secretary Luo Ying, the eldest sister said at the time: we do children's literature, to run the broken legs, worn mouth, together with sweat and tears, to make one thing; despite this, But we still have to do things because it is to cultivate fertile soil for the growth of the next generation. Reporter: I heard that children's books were hard to be published at that time. Children's literary theory monographs do not have any place to go. Gao Hongbo: Not only is it hard for children's books to be published, there are also fewer people who have created children's literature. Some very good children's literature writers later transformed adult literary works. Such as the famous writer Wang Anyi, readers mostly because of "Everlasting Regret," and other works to know her, few people know that she had created a very good children's literature "Who is the future of the squadron leader." And our national association president Tie Ning, also from the literature of literature onto the road, "no button red shirt" is her masterpiece. Iron condensate teacher Xu Guangyao, is the "soldier Zhang Ga" author. Reporter: In recent years, children's literature has achieved considerable progress. Last year, Cao Wenxuan won the International Andersen Award and even aroused the craze for children's literature. Gao Hongbo: Cao Wenxuan won the award, increasing our literary self-confidence, confirming our children's literature is no worse than foreign children's literature. It should be noted that Cao Wenxuan's award-winning is not an isolated phenomenon, but an enhancement of the overall creative power of domestic children's literature. At present, our children's literary creation team, Ren Rong dissolves in the mid-90s, Jin Bo in his 80s, Yin Jianling, Li Donghua and Xue Tao in the post-1970s, and even the rising young writer after 1980s, Can be described as strong and strong troops, talent. Moreover, the former is the transformation of adult literary children's literary creation adult literature, and now it is the reverse, a group of famous writers, such as Ah Lai, Zhang Wei, Xiao Fuxing, Zhao Lihong and others, have joined the creation of children's literature. For example, Zhang Wei, he has a strong complex of children's literature, "Looking for Fish King" is already his third children's literature. Last year, he was very pleased to find manuscripts of "Lion Cliff", a children's literature that he wrote when he was 18 years old. Reporter: Some experts predict that Chinese children's literature will usher in the "Golden Year." But behind the huge achievements and bright prospects, there are also real worries. One of the main points is that the huge amount of publishing can hardly hide the current situation of uneven works. Gao Hongbo: Just now, 30 years ago, there were only two children's literature publishing houses in the country. Today, more than 500 publishing houses in China publish children's literature. The phenomenon of radish does not wash the mud quickly, but I want to emphasize that the situation today is not easy. Give an inappropriate example. Fifties and sixties of last century, non-staple food is limited supply, I remember the Chinese New Year, we lined up a long team, in order to buy a pound of peanuts. But now, you go to the supermarket to see, so many things, how to pick your worry. Are you going back to the age of queuing to buy peanuts or are you willing to accept the "pain" of the present choice? Be vigilant and can not be spirited by a market economy into a spinning top Reporter: The other aspect of children's literature creation being criticized at the moment is that more works have been imported and the strength of original creation is not enough. Gao Hongbo: Children's literature is barefoot across national boundaries, go abroad. The same is a six or seven year old child, American children, Chinese children and Russian children, reading interest is about the same. Foreign good children's literature of course, we must continue to introduce, and our good work, but also to go abroad, foreign children also like to read. To say that our original ability is weaker than that of foreign countries is a matter of cultural self-confidence. We have a lot of excellent children's literature, not weaker than abroad, such as "Magic pen Ma Liang" "Dalin and Kobayashi" "treasure gourd secret" and so on, we have a large number of rich ethnic characteristics of the classic works. However, some publishers always think that the foreign classic is a classic, but do not regard our own classic as a classic. They do not attach importance to the selection of topics, marketing and promotion, and do not promote local original works. Reporter: How do you evaluate the status of domestic children's literature creation? Gao Hongbo: It can be said that the situation is gratifying. The creative team has formed a situation of five generations. The writers are still well written, and a group of young writers, including Zuo Xi, Tang Tang, Chen Shigu, Xiao Hsuan and others, are different from the traditional ones in their thinking. Their works have a world-wide view before they are created Great vision and freshness. Reporter: Are you still writing children's literature? Gao Hongbo: I myself am also adhering to the creation of children's literature, not only writing for "Illustrated Young Children's Books", but also creating a series of books entitled "Happy Pig Bobo Fly". Every time I write, I try my best to make myself an equal interlocutor with my children and friends, and become the true friend of the children. To be full of warmth and happiness to create, write things to children, must not face with a face. Reporter: Imagination is an important indicator of whether a child's literature is excellent or not. What is the performance of domestic children's literature in terms of imagination? Gao Hongbo: A few days ago, I participated in a long fairy tale "One Thousand Beating Buds" seminar by Hunan writer Zhou Jing. The novel draws on folk stories, tells the story of grandma and 12 aunt. Grandma's character with the meaning of the creation of God, 12 aunt have their own magical powers, a cry aunt, tears will become pearl, imaginative ocean wanton. Of course, the overall imagination of Chinese writers is not enough, which may be related to our long-term education system. The imagination of Chinese writers really needs to be greatly enhanced and even erupted. In addition to imagination, children's literature writers also need further preparation for literary cultivation and philosophical accomplishment. Nowadays, some writers lack of in-depth thinking on society on the one hand, and lack the expressive ability to explain in simple terms after thinking. Reporter: The lack of such ability may be related to the creative attitude and the speed of creation. Gao Hongbo: Yes, those famous forefathers children's writers treat creation as very rigorous and careful. They keep improving and thinking repeatedly because they think that what they write to their children is sloppy. And now there are some young writers, wow, can write eight, 10. Such writing can slip yourself into a trap, and it is easy to write it yourself. Creation should still be static, slower, more polished; should be less ordered, more passion burning initiative. Reporter: From cold to hot, children's literature to become the publishing market incense, what do you have to remind it? Gao Hongbo: Be vigilant and can not be whipped into the top of the market economy. Writers should have their own attitude to literature. Now is the golden age of children's literature creation. There are currently 367 million underage readers in China. With the advent of the "second child", the team will also expand. However, this is also a period in which people's determination is determined. Under the heart, to resist the temptation. Social benefits are very important for spiritual and cultural products and are especially important for children's literature because children lack the ability to distinguish. If we neglect the social benefits of children's literature, the more works we create, the more harm may be done. Moreover, there is a relatively low barrier to entry for children's literature. It is for this reason that every writer of children's literature should have a sense of quality, be fearful, stay away from impetuousness and come up with truly outstanding works. Reporter: What can we do to create a good environment for the creation of children's literature? Gao Hongbo: The development of children's literature can not be separated from the support of social enthusiasts, and it can not be without government support. Give me an example of what happened to me. I have won the Chen Bo blowing children's literature many times, and later also became the judge of this award. This award was almost impossible to go. Because when Mr. Chen Blow set up this award, using his hard-earned saved 60,000 yuan royalties. At that time, 60,000 yuan to buy seat garden house more than. However, with the development of the times, this money is not enough. The situation was Chen Lao's hometown, Shanghai Baoshan District government know, after a collective discussion, this award was included in the district government cultural projects, each year to give 2000000 yuan fund sponsorship, so, this award not only did not interrupt, but also expanded the scale, Became an international award for children's literature. Respect for culture, culture should be decent. Literary awards lead and encourage literary creation. Some good literary awards, we should stick to it. The International Hans Christian Andersen Prize was not very influential at first, but you insist on it and have today's international influence. (Editor: Wang Yiting)
Release date: Jun 05, 2017 Page view : 106
Write to the children to see things, not sloppy
Another children's day goes by. Today, when children's literature turns from cold to hot, becoming the "sweetheart" of the market, Gao Hongbo, vice chairman of the Chinese Writers Association, who has created many excellent fairy tales for the children and is a writer of beautiful children's poetry, Children's literature regarded as "pediatrics". Child's problem Reflects the problem of parents On the news: many people, including children and parents, are sighing: children are not children now, only heavy academic burden. The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: that children have no childhood, is a false proposition. At any age, children can have childhood. During the War of Resistance Against Japan, the environment was so bad and the conditions were so tough that there was still a childhood record by Feng Zikai. The company is located in: The crux of the problem is how we understand childhood. If you look at a child with the eyes of an adult, it is easy to turn a blind eye to the needs of the child; if you force the child to live according to your requirements, the child is really no childhood. In fact, the needs of children is very easy to meet, but we often do not communicate well with their children, did not understand their real needs. The company is located in: On the concept of news: What caused our indifference to the needs of children? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Now parents like to put their own wishes did not achieve, all put the child's weak shoulders, and myself and their children are very anxious, in addition to scores, certificates, eyes can not see the other. The company is located in: On the concept of news: You are also a parent, your daughter's growth process, you anxiety? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: basically no. I would like my child to be healthy and healthy and will not force her to do anything. The company is located in: In the early 1980s, my daughter was born. Before, my poetry and prose writing mostly revolved around my ten-year military career. But then looked at the daughter of just full moon, I have a kind of urge to write poetry for her. I want to tell my daughter through poetry, my expectations of her, that is, physical and mental health, happy growth. My daughter wanted to be a kindergarten teacher and later wanted to go to the zoo as a manager. Now she's an ordinary tech worker, but she's happy, that's enough. The company is located in: The child chooses to do what he or she wants to do well. It is not the child's own choice. You are forced to do so. He / she is not good or happy. I and Bing Xin, Chen Blowing and other predecessors have contacts, their hope for children are all healthy and happy, their educational concept has a profound impact on me. The company is located in: On the concept of news: But many children are not happy now, often with negative news about children, in your opinion, what happened to children today? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: I was very surprised and very sad when I first saw the news about a kid jumping off a building. The company is located in: Children's problems, more to reflect the problem of parents. Parents are the children's first responsible person, do not put any problems put the responsibility to the community. Children in the process of growing up, will encounter all kinds of troubles, this time, parents are his only dependents, if parents do not afford to understand, understand and help children's responsibility, but blame the people, blame the strange that you let the children Who to rely on? The company is located in: Teaching is better than teaching, parents are children's first teacher. Some parents complain that children do not love to read books, but parents do not have their own books? Have children and children reading? I did not set a good example, the children crooked, strange who? Children's literature is said to be "Pediatrics" It shows its importance On the concept of news: Let the child grow up physically and mentally healthy, seemingly simple, in fact, not easy to do. The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Just like the health of your body, you should also lay a good foundation for your mental health. The company is located in: On the concept of news: Which, children's literature can play what role? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: The healthy growth of the soul needs a healthy spiritual food, the spiritual food is children's literature. The company is located in: Borges said: "All great literature will eventually become children's literature." Or it can be said that children's literature is the beginning of man's literature, and literature has returned to its origins and beginnings. By reading children's literature, children expand their horizons, accumulate experience of dealing with setbacks, establish their own values and develop a positive mental state. With such a foundation, life is less likely to go extremes. The company is located in: Writer Zhang Wei once said: "Children's literature is not only not a preliminary literature, but also the entrance, foundation, and even the core of the whole literature.Any writer, the elements of children's literature, stripped from the creation and replacement, not Will be a good writer. "This passage represents a mature writer's understanding of children's literature. The company is located in: On the concept of news: Children's literature is not as "pediatric" as some people think. The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: It's not wrong to say that children's literature is "pediatrics," because this shows the importance of children's literature. Are not all of us seeing pediatrics as a pediatric during our childhood? Pediatrics is not related to the growth of all healthy? The company is located in: On the concept of news: You are from the daughter to write poetry, embarked on the road to the creation of children's literature. In an essay, you wrote: "Boys, girls, you all love poems, because being friends with poetry is a happy thing." Why are you so eager to introduce "children and Poetry as a friend? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Poetry is the core of literature, and poetry is the closest to innocence. Being close to poetry increases children's innocence and wit, gives them a special perspective and perspective on life, and at the same time makes their language more colorful and vivid. The company is located in: Abroad, the two literary identity most valued, one is a poet, one is a children's literature. So I often jokingly said: I am the most proud of the people who write poetry to children, the most proud of. Children's writers are born, Not created On the concept of news: what kind of writer can create excellent children's literature? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Children's literary creation requires a wonderful ability. At least the writer must maintain the relative purity of the mind. Use innocent children's eyes to look into the world. So, to a certain extent, children's writers are born, not created. He needs three support points: innocence, poetry and love. The company is located in: No childlike innocence, write the work is not playful, the children do not like to see; no poetry, works lack of artistic appeal; and love is the most basic elements of all excellent children's literature, are based on the author of the child Love. How can one write down children's love-see, sunshine-filled works when one sees a child and wants to kick a kick, a person with an indifferent temperament? Children's literature first have the temperature and heat, and then is the depth and breadth. The company is located in: On the concept of news: You and many older children's literature have had contacts, they left you the impression? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: They are all funny people. The company is located in: I tell the story of the famous children's writer Yan Wenjing. He has a lot of jobs, heavy workload, but the bones is an "old urchin", the fairy tales written particularly well. Yan'an period, he was home with a little cock, neighbors also have a cock. Yan Wenjing found that every time two cocks fought, his cock was lost, because his neighbor's cock had a fight, and his hair was full on his neck. It looked particularly awesome and scared off his own cock. In order to help their little cock win the battle, Yan Wenjing even secretly caught the neighbor's cock, unplug the cock neck ring that hair. Harm each other has never thought to understand: how some people do not steal chicken, light chicken neck hair to pull it? The company is located in: Another time, I signed a book with Yan Wenjing, he signed the children's name is "Rabbit Yan Wenjing." I and he are rabbits, he is 36 years old, so I called "rabbit." The company is located in: This is the innocence of the old writer, stubborn, so he can create a naughty lovely character like Don Xiaoxi. Former children's author transformation adult literature, It is upside down now On the concept of news: the development of Chinese children's literature, what kind of historical trajectory has passed? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: The combination of children and literature gave birth to children's literature. Its history is 300 years in the world and shorter in China only 100 years. However, once this literary form has been established in China, it has a particularly stable and unique literary form. Ye Shengtao, Zhang Tianyi, Bing Xin, Zheng Zhenduo and Zhou brothers and other literary predecessors, have contributed to this literary category, Zhou Zuoren also published articles on children's literary theory. The company is located in: However, because of various historical reasons, children's literature has entered a period of silence. More than 30 years ago, there were only two children's literature publishing houses in China, one in Shanghai and one in Beijing. At that time, society generally did not value children's literature. Former Secretary of the Ministry of Culture and Children Division Secretary Luo Ying, the eldest sister said at the time: we do children's literature, to run the broken legs, worn mouth, together with sweat and tears, to make one thing; despite this, But we still have to do things because it is to cultivate fertile soil for the growth of the next generation. The company is located in: On the concept of news: I heard that children's books at that time is difficult to publish, monographs on children's literature is no place out. The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Not only is it hard for children's books to be published, there are also fewer people who have created children's literature. Some very good children's literature writers later transformed adult literary works. Such as the famous writer Wang Anyi, readers mostly because of "Everlasting Regret," and other works to know her, few people know that she had created a very good children's literature "Who is the future of the squadron leader." And our national association president Tie Ning, also from the literature of literature onto the road, "no button red shirt" is her masterpiece. Iron condensate teacher Xu Guangyao, is the "soldier Zhang Ga" author. The company is located in: On the concept of news: In recent years, children's literature has achieved considerable development. Last year, Cao Wenxuan won the International Andersen Award, but also aroused the craze for children's literature. The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Cao Wenxuan won the award, increasing our literary self-confidence, confirming our children's literature is no worse than foreign children's literature. It should be noted that Cao Wenxuan's award-winning is not an isolated phenomenon, but an enhancement of the overall creative power of domestic children's literature. The company is located in: At present, our children's literary creation team, Ren Rong dissolves in the mid-90s, Jin Bo in his 80s, Yin Jianling, Li Donghua and Xue Tao in the post-1970s, and even the rising young writer after 1980s. Can be described as strong and strong troops, talent. The company is located in: Moreover, the former is the transformation of adult literary children's literary creation adult literature, and now it is the reverse, a group of famous writers, such as Ah Lai, Zhang Wei, Xiao Fuxing, Zhao Lihong and others, have joined the creation of children's literature. For example, Zhang Wei, he has a strong complex of children's literature, "Looking for Fish King" is already his third children's literature. Last year, he was very pleased to find manuscripts of "Lion Cliff", a children's literature that he wrote when he was 18 years old. The company is located in: On the concept of news: Some experts predict that Chinese children's literature will usher in the "golden decade." But behind the huge achievements and bright prospects, there are also real worries. One of the main points is that the huge amount of publishing can hardly hide the current situation of uneven works. The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Just now, 30 years ago, there were only two children's literature publishing houses in the country. Today, more than 500 publishing houses in China publish children's literature. The phenomenon of radish does not wash the mud quickly, but I want to emphasize that the situation today is not easy. The company is located in: Give an inappropriate example. Fifties and sixties of last century, non-staple food is limited supply, I remember the Chinese New Year, we lined up a long team, in order to buy a pound of peanuts. But now, you go to the supermarket to see, so many things, how to pick your worry. Are you going back to the age of queuing to buy peanuts or are you willing to accept the "pain" of the present choice? Be vigilant Can not be spirited by the market economy into a spinning top The company is located in: Shangguan News: Are you still writing children's literature? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: I myself am also adhering to the creation of children's literature, not only writing for "Illustrated Young Children's Books", but also creating a series of books entitled "Happy Pig Bobo Fly". The company is located in: Every time I write, I try my best to make myself an equal interlocutor with my children and friends, and become the true friend of the children. To be full of warmth and happiness to create, write things to children, must not face with a face. The company is located in: On the concept of news: Imagination is an important indicator of the evaluation of children's literature is excellent, the domestic children's literature in the performance of imagination how? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: A few days ago, I participated in a long fairy tale "One Thousand Beating Buds" seminar by Hunan writer Zhou Jing. The novel draws on folk stories, tells the story of grandma and 12 aunt. Grandma's character with the meaning of the creation of God, 12 aunt have their own magical powers, a cry aunt, tears will become pearl, imaginative ocean wanton. The company is located in: Of course, the overall imagination of Chinese writers is not enough, which may be related to our long-term education system. The imagination of Chinese writers really needs to be greatly enhanced and even erupted. The company is located in: In addition to imagination, children's literature writers also need further preparation for literary cultivation and philosophical accomplishment. Nowadays, some writers lack of in-depth thinking on society on the one hand, and lack the expressive ability to explain in simple terms after thinking. The company is located in: On the concept of news: the lack of such capabilities, may be creative attitude, creative speed. The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Yes, those famous forefathers children's writers treat creation as very rigorous and careful. They keep improving and thinking repeatedly because they think that what they write to their children is sloppy. And now there are some young writers, wow, can write eight, 10. Such writing can slip yourself into a trap, and it is easy to write it yourself. The company is located in: Creation should still be static, slower, more polished; should be less ordered, more passion burning initiative. The company is located in: On the concept of the news: from cold to heat, children's literature to become the publishing market incense, what do you have to remind you? The company is located in: Gao Hongbo: Be vigilant and can not be whipped into the top of the market economy. Writers should have their own attitude to literature. The company is located in: Now is the golden age of children's literature creation. There are currently 367 million underage readers in China. With the advent of the "second child", the team will also expand. However, this is also a period in which people's determination is determined. Under the heart, to resist the temptation. The company is located in: Social benefits are very important for spiritual and cultural products and are especially important for children's literature because children lack the ability to distinguish. If we neglect the social benefits of children's literature, the more works we create, the more harm may be done. Moreover, there is a relatively low barrier to entry for children's literature. It is for this reason that every writer of children's literature should have a sense of quality, be fearful, stay away from impetuousness and come up with truly outstanding works.
Release date: Jun 03, 2017 Page view : 118
Children's literature writers need to be "half-hearted"
Children's day is coming again. Parents should be thinking about what to give their children. Delivering a children's book is a good choice, and children gain knowledge while gaining pleasure, and in the process, the parent-child relationship improves. And children's books are also highly selective. Yesterday, vice chairman of the Chinese writers association, famous children's writer gao rong to speak, for Argo readers introduced how to select the "close friends", and the writing of children's literature served for more than 30 years "half-hearted". The development of Chinese children's literature entered the golden age. In the lecture, gao hongbo confessed that Chinese children's literature is a very young literature compared with traditional Chinese poems, novels, essays, dramas and other literary forms. "Seeing children as individuals, discovering and respecting children is a huge step forward in society, and children's literature is born. But children's literature has not been around for a long time, nearly 300 years in the world, and China is now 100 years away from the new culture movement. The great potential of children's literature has grown so far that it is easy to see and feel. "Britain is a great country for children's literature, and J.K. rowling, the author of the harry potter book, which is beloved of children all over the world, is from Britain. I remember the British elements of the London Olympics, and there were a lot of children's literature from the UK, which also reflected their deep-rooted cultural confidence in children's literature. "When I started to dabble in children's literature more than 30 years ago, only two publishers in the country were publishing children's literature, and now? About 560 publishing houses nationwide have 530 children's books. China's outstanding children's literature is deeply loved by many small readers. Publications such as cao wenxuan's novel "grass house" have been printed 130 times in 10 years. At the same time, the author's income list published by the media in recent years also has more and more children's literature writers among the top. The creation of children's literature in our country is at a golden age. Gao said that the demographic dividend brought by the country's two-child policy now also brings a significant number of small readers to children's literature writers. Children's literary writers are not. Despite the market of children's literature and publishing situation has a qualitative leap, but gao will still think of children's literature writer is bad "when", not every writer are suitable for children's literature writing. "The great Russian critic, berlinski, said in his reference to children's literature that children's literary writers should be born, not made. It's a gift." Gao hongbo said that to become a qualified and competent children's literature writer, he must have "two minds". The child's heart is the greatest gift of nature to mankind, and is also the basic requirement for a good children's literature writer. Gao hongbo said: "in the early spring of more than 30 years ago, I accompanied my four-year-old daughter to the tiantan park, and returned to write eight children's poems in one breath." I think "is one of them. The poem soon won the first national outstanding children's literature prize, and was then selected into the fifth grade Chinese textbook. As a writer for children's writing, a child's heart is the book of creation. "Poetry is the basic accomplishment of children's literature writers. This is also essential for any good work. Children's literature writers must have poetic feelings, be sensitive, acutely aware of the precious life poetry, and the ability to use his special way of the poetic text with conduction into the children's heart." At the scene, gao hongbo read a little boy's poem to the readers, and the naive language made everyone laugh. "Children, you know, have a special understanding of poetry." Love is the essential character of a children's literature writer. "No love is to write or to write. Because you can't imagine the melancholic, neurotic dostoyevsky writing for young children, it's probably hard to write "the flower of evil" baudelaire. They can write down monumental and profound critical realism, but they can't write a children's literature. In addition, there is "awe" and "compassion". "As a writer of children's literature, I have witnessed a weak literary genre for more than 30 years now entering the golden age. It is inseparable from the generation of The Times and the efforts of the predecessors. We should be in awe of all this hard-won and will be more indifferent in writing. The idea of compassion is to take reflection in writing and to lay more literary foundation for children in writing. Gao hongbo said. Children's reading should focus on classics and traditional works. For decades, gao cleave to his "three heart" and "divided", to create a lot of children like work, yesterday, gao also brought their own works the bobo happy pigs fly, share with the children. In an interview with reporters, gao also gave parents and children advice on choosing children's books. Gao hongbo said that children's literature in recent years has been endless, with its romantic, naive, extraordinary children and rich imagination nourishing countless young minds. But while new works are emerging and the market is flourishing, we should pay attention to the profound significance of classic works and traditional works to children's reading. "The Chinese children's literature is deeply rooted in the cultural fertile soil of the five thousand years of Chinese culture, leaving behind a treasure trove of folk fairy tales and nursery rhymes. There are also excellent traditional literature works such as journey to the west and the mirror flower, which also have rich imagination and profound literary background, which is suitable for children to read more. In addition, the works of children's literature masters such as bing xin, cao wenxuan, zheng yuanjie and Yang hongying have been tested by market and time, and are close to contemporary children, which is worthy of being recommended to children. Our reporter li xueyan photography xie minggang. (original title: gao hongbo came to the lecture: children's literature writers need to be "half-hearted")
Release date: May 28, 2017 Page view : 109
Children's literary writers need to be quiet and creative
Children's literature is a precious plant breeding in the fertile soil of human thought. Therefore, no matter how The Times change, the children's literature writers always retain the poetry and romance, constantly expand the imaginary space, and comfort the children's mind. Famous children's literature writers and Chinese writers association, vice chairman of gao said: "for children to create a warm spiritual world, no matter from the perspective of family or ethnic is a top priority. The cultivation of the true and the beautiful, the artistic edification, all need to lay a solid foundation from childhood. A child of good artistic feeling, the development space of his spiritual world must be broader. As a unique kind of art in literature and art, children's literature is mainly aimed at teenagers, so its aesthetic, ideological and transcendence of reality are more outstanding. Gao hongbo pointed out that nowadays, it is a time of pursuit of speed and information explosion, while writing is the exact opposite. It requires a calm state of mind and an elaborate perseverance to write a commendable work. If every writer needs to be awed by "words", then children's literary writers should draw the line. Children's literature writer should abandon impetuous, calmly, writing, and never give up the text of artistic quality and the high pursuit of truth, understand children, understand the world, to understand time as much as possible, for the China story and do his best to describe the Chinese children's childhood. Pau, tibor scitovsky Soviet famous writer in the classics Jin Qiangwei wrote: "in life, the poetic understanding of everything around us, is that childhood's greatest gift to us." Today, it is possible to "build a warm and artistic spiritual world for children, which is the best gift for them". Gao hongbo said. (zhu tini, our reporter)
Release date: Jun 01, 2016 Page view : 107
Gao hongbo interviews
Q: xie xuhua, gao hongbo's children's poetry researcher, is now an editor of a publishing house. A: gao hongbo, vice chairman of China association, children's literature writer, poet, essayist. Xie xuhua: why did you take the form of "children's poetry" when you first wrote children's literature? In particular, the two poems, "the elephant judge" and "the crocodile eating the stone", are interesting animal stories and fables that can be conveyed in a fairy tale and allegory. Gao hongbo: the literary style that the writer is engaged in, the first choice will determine the form of creation for a long period of time. I prefer poetry, because many materials, observations and descriptions of many scenes, I subconsciously convey and describe in a poem. Xie xuhua: is it possible to say that in the creation of children's literature, you choose to be the most familiar form? Gao hongbo. Yes, poetry was once one of my most familiar and expressive forms of expression. Judge XieXuHua: reading the elephant "and" crocodile "eat the stone allegory poems the two fairy tales, there is a reading experience is: in the humorous story is often hidden behind the moral lessons and rich knowledge. It was listening to a father telling a story. I think at this stage, you are creating from the father's point of view, do you agree with this statement? Gao hongbo: this stage is really based on the father's Angle and role. In fact, my children's literary creation is closely related to my daughter. I knew I was going to be a father when I knew I was going to have a daughter and I started writing children's literature. From the heart of a little girl (child), sometimes my childhood memories, I think of the girl, but childhood memories also play a role. The two are interchanging and penetrating. Then I turned to writing the children live poetry, is purely based on the boy's mind to write, it comes from my childhood memories and life, and from my observation of the little boy beside, role reversal is a kind of book I and others. Xie xuhua: the classification of your works seems particularly clear, and you can see the traces of the style transformation. Gao: I early children's poem pay attention to the interest and knowledge, then to the 80 s, 1983, 1984, I consciously put the creation subject to children's lives, also want to social life into my theme scope, even those major social event. For example, "grandpa lost" is the retirement of veteran cadres, as well as the problem of fake drugs, the tragic situation of the snake charmer, and "the son of god". I was consciously trying to expand the subject. At the time, many people called children's literature "pediatrics", and I wanted to make a major theme in this "pediatrics" thing. Such as the black sea gull is a performance the iran-iraq war, then I see on TV because of the war of the pollution, a sooty too dark gull stood on the rocks, the sad picture sparked my creative impulses. These are all my attempts at a series of big themes. Of course, some of them may not be well written. At the time, my writing was often gushing out, in a "fountain" writing state. I wrote a lot of poems, and they were written all at once, even one night. For example, "my sun", a group poem about blind children, is how I feel about attending a blind child camp. At that time, blind children were organized to take part in an activity to touch the tiananmen square. Now it may be said that the theme of caring for the disabled, but not so much at that time, is to write about the experience of the blind child with the experience. I felt sorry for the disabled children, and ponder on things, shapes, colors, music these things, the eyes can not see how children perceive, how should I explain things to them. The poems were written in the evening. There is also a group poem "the palace of literature" is actually also my literature view, I use the way of the poem to communicate with the children and discuss what is the poem, what is the fable, what is the fairy tale, what is the novel. Xie xuhua: that is to say, when you write children's life poems and lyrics, it is from life. Gao hongbo: many of my children's poems are about observing the child's experiences and observing life. "Penny sigh of tuning" is my child's a real experience, and it is not how to use a penny, that ZhaiZhai long yellow notes, and a penny a lot of people are used to fold into small pieces of pineapple, is no. At that time, people's life had made great progress, they were all rich, and no one paid much attention to money. But "I found a penny on the road... "The song was still alive, so the daughter went to pick up a penny, and the mother felt dirty and scolded the child. I have refined it into a poem, a lament for a penny that is no longer the moral symbol of the year. "Lucky money" and "clique" are also from the life of that time. I've been a soldier, and I've been on the frontier for ten years. In "the secret of the fountain", I have expressed my visit to the yunnan frontier frontier for more than 100 days in 1975. The frontier plants, animals, local customs and so on, with a Beijing boy's strange perspective. The relationship between the children and the frontier, the relationship between the children and the people's liberation army, is rarely discussed, because it is a time of peace, and very few people are concerned. But I think this kind of border defense theme is very meaningful, at least can cultivate the children's national defense consciousness and masculinity. Xie xuhua: are there any writers who influence you at home and abroad? Gao hongbo: that's too much. I have systematically studied some excellent children's literature writers, and tried to write a history of contemporary children's literature, which is about a hundred thousand words. But no publishing house is interested, one pressure is more than 20 years. It was not until 2010 that the 21st century press was published, and I called myself "the literary history of the individual", entitled "children's literature". The poets I have studied and written in monograph are jin bo, ke yan, yuan ying, ruan zhang, xiong saisheng, field, etc. I have studied yan wenjing, jin jin, he yi and so on. I have benefited a lot from the study of these writers. For example, jin bo's pursuit of pure art, the extraordinary mastery of the children's interest, and the movement and dramatic effect of the poetry. These studies are all things I write poetry kung fu, become my creation of nutrition, which is not a specific author or article which play a role, but a subtle influence reveal in my words. In the creation of children's literature, I am a research and creative side, with two legs, walking on two legs instead of writing all day long. The research on excellent children's literature has also established my concept of children's view and children's literature creation. Xie xuhua: you said that jin bo has also influenced your creation, but your poems don't feel the same as jin bo's poems. Gao hongbo: jin bo is more exquisite in art, and this kind of polishing of the art of poetry is a banner of children's poems for the pursuit of beauty in words, language and rhythm. My poems are joyous and humorous, and the difference between this style and the writer's temperament is related. It might have been better for him to write "I think", but it was my style to be a bit of a mischievous humor. Xie xuhua: why did you turn from the creation of fairy tales to the creation of children's poems that reflect the emotions of contemporary children? Gao hongbo: in the 1980s, China's reform and opening up was just beginning. At that time, all walks of life were emancipating the mind, and adult literature was talking about emancipating the mind. When I was a "jiefangjun bao an editor, wenyi bao" is at the forefront of such a media, is an important position of ideological emancipation, when published articles and debate Feng Mu etc. A lot of people, brought me a great shock. Children's literature is also facing the thought liberation, break through the original pure education of children's literature concept, put forward a more open children's literature, reflected in practice on the aspects such as novel, adopts a Dong Hongyou, before road and so on, the fairy tale of zheng yuanjie, I also did some try on poetry. No one wants to turn children's literature into a tool for education children. Xie xuhua: then what is your view of children at that time? I heard that you have a book called "discovering children". Does that summarize your view of children? Gao hongbo: what I found in the book is a series of articles that I have published in the newspaper. In the summer of 1989, because of special political background at that time, the China women's news story is not too much, yunnan army veteran, is responsible for the supplement of li-hua xie writing about me, I will give some to the child's point of view, outlook, and some interesting stories related to the children in the "China women's paper" in the form of serial publication, unexpectedly was welcomed by a large, straight serial for half a year, a total of more than 30 articles, but hasn't been written. Later, the editors of hunan children's publishing house found these articles very interesting, and they went with the comic book and became such a fun book. 90 s basic out of children's literature, because working reason, I have five, six years away from the children's literature, it was not until 1995 in China writers association secretariat in charge of children's literature, organization awards, seminar, then back to the children's literature field, I am the children found later, out of children (laughs). The reason why I seldom write children's literature now is that my daughter is so big that she lacks observation, and there are many things to write about in the presence of children. But I still like reading about children. I also read an interesting early childhood experiment in the newspaper this morning. It was made by an American. Put the wooden doll in the middle, look at the child's performance, some children push it, some young children lift it. Then let the children find friends, and the children are willing to go to the children who help the doll to be friends, to push down, people do not like. The conclusion is that children are naturally social, and americans study these details, which I find interesting. Children's literature I am writing less now, and I have been writing for the children's pictorial in recent years. If I do not continue to write to children, I will write to my children. Abroad easy reading do well, this is a children's book market impact to China, we give children illustrated write support and wish the children's literature in China also get greater development, in line with international standards as soon as possible, is also the Chinese cultural rights of self. Xie xuhua: from the "fountain style" in the 1980s to the present little writing, it seems that you are a sincere poet, without the feeling of hard to write. Gao: I have this adult poetry anthology "heart sails", which reflects the view of my songs, the first song is "if I were a poet", to express the meaning as you said, not to hard to write. Children's poetry and adult poetry are interlinked, both are poems, and should not be hard to write. The poem should have certain artistic sex, music beautiful, melodic beauty, children's poetry only adds some perspective, the child's perspective. Good children poets should also be fond of, good adult poetry children also can accept, should be long and young salt appropriate, old and small all good works. XieXuHua: from the early main animal fairy tale allegorical poem, then mainly to the children's lives poetry and lyrics, in 89 when you created with folk color "with the dragon god pigeons" long narrative poems, fairy tale is not the same as before and, what is the motivation for you create a long narrative poem fairy tale? Gao hongbo: allegorical poems have a very normative character, so some of my later children's poems have re-examined the allegorical poems and created some images of "anti-tradition". China is short of narrative long poems, and no one has ever created this kind of fairy tale narrative after the children's literature, ruan zhang, "the golden conch" and the "marlin flower" by the bear. I want to try out the possibility of this long poem in the subjects of national subjects and historical subjects, so this book is my attempt to make the long poem consciously. I think the children will like this subject with exquisite illustrations. But my idea was too advanced at the time. One was that there was no such exquisite illustration, no one drew it, and the second was that people didn't know enough about the historical and cultural traditions. Therefore, I want to find the material of expression in the folk literature, from liaozhai and other literary classics, and create a long poem with modern significance. I value these three poems very much. My ideas were always ahead of me, and I noticed animal novels in the 1980s, and animal novels did get hot. In 1985, I advocated humor, and the children's literature was too much to teach people. It was the subject of puppy love, so it was not funny, and children's literature should be humorous. Xie xuhua: you said the three fairy tale long poem, that is "flying dragon", "the legend of dove tree" and "the pipa beetle". According to my data, the first two were published in 1989, the pipa beetle was published in 1995, and the same genre, why did it take so many years? Gao hongbo: "the pipa beetle" was also created around 1989 and published late. These three fairy tales were created in the same period, which is about 1989, and the time of writing is almost the same. It is not about the draft, it is the spontaneous self-conscious creation desire. XieXuHua: look from the writing time, the fairy tale long published poetry anthology "dragon pigeon with god" in "the elephant judge", "eat crocodile stone" and so on fairy tales fable of poetry, "goose goose goose", shouted the fountain of the secret of children's lyric poetry anthology, present a different artistic style, this is you interested in art exploration? Why did they write about the genre? Gao: at that time, there are two factors, external cause is a is written the fairy tale long poems before and after I was studying in Peking University, the teaching of classical literature teacher Mr Ma Zhenfang let us review for "serial" writings in classical style, 25, was "serial" had a read through, with the writings in classical style to the 25 article has carried on the review, I like to work including "pigeon vision", this is the legend of a pigeon. This is the cultural background. At that time, I and two or three friends originally wanted to write a history of Chinese contemporary literature. I divided a number of my favorite writers and poets into this book review, and each person was about 5,000 to eight dry words. Among the subjects I studied were ruan zhang, the voice of the bear and the horse. All three of them have tried the writing of fairy tales in children's literature since the founding of the People's Republic of China. For example, ma xiaoxiao's "the legend of the stone archway" is a collection of narrative poems based on folk stories. "The horse orchid" was written by the bear. Ruan zhang has written "the golden whelk" and "the story of the monkey ancestors". I've studied them all. So these two reasons, on the one hand, in theory I have made some comments on the elder writers, to absorb the nutrition. On the other hand, my own studies, through the evaluation of classical literature works, deepen this aspect of schooling. The third reason is an editor of the anhui children's society, the pen name baby grass (the money leaf). He also wrote a lot of good children's poems, and I wrote his review of the refraction of human consciousness. He proposed to run a poetry magazine, especially children's narrative long poem, is the fairy tale narrative long poem. These three factors prompted the I decided to try a narrative poem writing fairy tales, this time there is no more the limitation of subject matter, nor a broader background, mainly baby grass of the fairy tale long poem poetry is a very important opportunity. Later after I wrote two, and a few comrades wrote, it is said that the poet came out, but then I also didn't see, may also lose money, later issued what also don't know much about it. This is anhui children's publishing house's attempt at that time. Later, when he was the editor-in-chief of a publishing house in Beijing, he stopped writing children's poems. He wrote a lot of good children's poems, and then he had this desire to explore, and he wrote two of them, and then he wrote the third, and the last one was called the pipa beetle. "The dragon and the dove" came out earlier, but the third one was a little bit later, but it was close to three, within a year or two. In the writing of these three fairy tales, I try to add some elements of Chinese folk tales and some elements of myths and legends to my understanding of the long narrative poems. For example, guo xiaochuan's general trilogy has its own theoretical ideas and framework. There are also characters and plots, poetry and artistic conception, language and so on. I think the more important long narrative poem should have plot and characterization. There is also the progress of the plot, which cannot be dominated by pure lyricism. In this context, I combine the allegorical poem I wrote before those animals, every capital actually can see as a narrative poem, with this training, expanding 50 lines of small narrative poem for longer after I've done epic fairy tale, also does not have too much difficulty. So before that I have somewhere between the two fairy poem called "mice learn to fly", this song is more long, longer than the general animal poems, nearly fronted line, also has the story also has characters, after the last write learning to fly a little mouse grow wings flying squirrels, under many of the same kind of derision, even under the ridicule of the owl, finally obtained the ability to fly. When I wrote this poem, I was writing unconsciously, writing long. So to these three is conscious, as a kind of fairy tale long poem, based on the folk tales of fairy tales to create, to write, to structure, this is intentional. And when you want to do an artistic exploration in fairy tale long poem, you wrote to a few, but in the end not form a big social influence, this kind of art to explore the last to go away, nowhere. There is no such thing as the "golden whelk" and the "magnolia" in the 1950s. Because the time is different, so you write and write, published and published. But as an individual, I still value all three of my works. Write invested a lot of emotion, art is also prepared to, at the same time, the time also had 7, 8 years of training to the foundation of children's poem writing, in the refined language, artistic conception of the construction, shape and characters of long poems on the progress of the story I have made some discussions. I personally cherish these three poems. Because it's kind of a bigger piece of my work. The last one is two poems, but in fact, the last one is written. In fact, the actual completion is three. So this year I to fuzhou, fuzhou children's club an editor look for me to draw this script, I say this I did not have a script, but I can give you this three fairy tale long poems have a look, if you put it in the form of picture books, the child should be fun. Because I've seen a Russian or which country the story of a bear, also a fairy tale, long poems performance from a bear back to the city in the forest, forest gone after back, sadly, it sat on a lone hill overlooking the city, behind this is, in fact, there is a big culture field of vision, kinds of environmental protection consciousness. In fact, children's poems can show more important themes. XieXuHua: like you in the preface to the "dragon pigeon with god" also mentioned, try fairy tale of long poems on the one hand because of less impressed by this kind of poetry, on the other hand you write fairy tale allegorical poem before a development can become a long poem, fairy tale so write up more conveniently. Is there any other consideration? What do you think of the traditional Chinese culture or folk tales? Are they suitable for children? Gao hongbo: if it comes to this topic, you can combine my other work. At that time, I was the deputy director of the press department, and was responsible for the selection of major themes in the front page of literary and art daily. At that time, I remember that the Chinese animated film was lost at the annecy animation film festival, so the defense secretary zhang aiping wrote a letter to the central committee. The old general was worried about the loss of Chinese animation in the international competition and gave me a big shock. Then I had an interview with at that time, a group of workers engaged in children's art film, including the great artist now han meilin, including CCTV animation director, the director of CCTV ShaoErBu these people in the industry. They have provided me with good news material from the aspects of funds, personnel and treatment. At that time, I wrote a story on the front page of literary and art newspaper called "after anaxi's failure", because Chinese cartoons should be said to be among the best in world art films. "The heaven", "which zha make the sea", "three monks", and "small carp jump longmen" before, "pig eight quit to eat watermelon, don't mind and not happy, everyone think that China has been leading in this field, suddenly found washed-up, lags behind, what was" astro boy ", the Smurfs, the story of the mole, etc > in sparse inside hua. Even the then defence minister, general zhang aiping, was worried. It was a big stimulus for me, and it was in the mid - to late eighties. More than a decade later, jiang zemin, the general secretary, offered to seize the job, and he found a lot of crisis in early childhood literature from his little grandson. He offered to grab three big pieces, including children's literature, more than a decade later. At the time of the interview, and general zhang aiping's messenger I feel Chinese children's literature, including children's poem if you want to development, local culture should be mining resources, local resources is very, very rich, why aren't you dig. I made this argument over and over again at several subsequent meetings. Is the Chinese native culture has a lot of myths, legends, folk stories, they have the kind of Oriental flavor rich color, fantasy, humorous, witty, and so on, all have an innate quality of animation. We should reflect on it by the modern concept and to rearrange it, let us in the modern age, the contemporary children to recognize in the heritage of our ancestors has a rich cultural nutrition, it is a huge cultural heritage, which requires the artist's a kind of investment, a kind of nutrition can resolve cultural heritage, in this way can we put the books into a fresh artistic image. Under this kind of motive, I think in my three fairy long poems creation subconscious will have this kind of factor, so from granny's legend, from serial story, from what I see desert beetle inside I found three long poem of nuclear, discover them. Xie xuhua: from the reading, I can also feel your attention to the Chinese folk tradition, to form such a long, relatively heavy work. But I feel that these three long poems are different from folk tales, including the golden conch in the 1950s and the marlin flower. The fairy tale of the '50 s long poem creation of folk story rewrite or taking a simple folk spirit, such as firmness, the pursuit of a happy life, be well, jack shall have Jill, and so on simple feelings have a succession. But there are some differences between you and them. "the pipa beetle" is about the pursuit of the ideal at the cost of life; "Dragon" is on the spur of the moment a young man mistakes bring friendship dying of pain, this is the modern feelings, are you in the old story into a modern spirit? Gao hongbo: yes. I am consciously reflect this, is the new bar in old bottles, because, after all, was in the mid and late 80 s, we have had thought liberation movement, and the past traditional I have from my point of view some theoretical comb, for some classic masterpiece, I have carried on the absorption of nutrients, I also have my own opinion, his gain and loss in fact, I already have my own judgment in the heart, so I write I certainly not in accordance with the senior writer s that kind of attitude towards folklore to write, they may be more faithful to that era folk tales of a cognitive ideology, I this is likely to be more rich, the characteristics of the eighty s also more in line with my personal creative personality, writing even if I want to according to the original story, but also involuntarily I write this bifurcation to it should go this way. Such as "the legend of the dove tree" the pigeon inside female, in fact, the story basically faithful to serial "pigeon vision", but finally have my own processing technique, the female is in fact or pigeons fly away after god, finally the protagonist into a wandering river's lake chivalrous man, that's my personal romantic writing, I also like martial arts, hope the hero finally can realize his revenge. This is not in the studio. At the end of the liaozhai, he sent the dove to the elder. The pigeon was a strange pigeon, and the two eyes were transparent. The elder said it tasted good, and gave it to him, and the man was especially disappointed. That's a very simple detail. But I noticed a little about the pigeon could actually looked through between two eyes, the image one would like to have special taste, is enough to constitute a very long poems have the characteristics of the fairy tales, and I was kind of love, of natural plant grafting a dovetree legends of the tree again, to go into the dovetree childe, even more branches, more interesting, although is a serial story added a lot of troubles, but looks more like a poem, and comedy story has great different, at the same time the human the pursuit of some good, some flying rising desire on my line, so, it can have a variety of points for people to think, maybe this is a special art form of the poem, and other novel what is different, it is the imagination is bigger, you can imagine the dovetree childe and white girl can be a kind of mysterious emotional connections, can also imagine a white girl is pigeon, god finally took all the pigeons fly away, the last serial so end, so I want him to revenge finally, add a lot of this, this conforms to the children's psychological, or conform to the traditional Chinese hope to have a happy result of life of righteous itinerant persons. Xie xuhua: but I think your three long poems are very sad, the folk tales are often the happy ending, but your little beetle finally made a leap to the Yellow River and made a lightning bolt with life. The dragon also lost its friendship and could never find it again. "The legend of the dove tree" finally has a bright tail and symbolic meaning, but it is still a tragedy. Gao hongbo: yes, in the dove tree, because of his carelessness and credulity, he lost his precious pigeon, and actually lost the trust of the dove god. Or fate has not grasped his providence. There are many human weaknesses that I would like to show here, which may be different from the writers of the 1950s. I want to give people more space to think and imagine, to provide the small readers with a sense of self-judgment, not to say everything, is my conscious artistic attempt. If you said the special understanding seems to take in everything in a glance means nothing, poetry is to leave a blank, leave a melancholy, a kind of aftertaste, there is a lingering taste, I think this is the state of art. You want to make the point that everyone knows the story, you put it in a new kind of connotation, it might be different, you think it's fun at least. Children look at a cycle, the old monk to tell stories, the old monk to tell the story of don't finish, the last to see the old monk is the horse teng, is actually completely is also true of people, so you his own ideas go, poetry in also is really finished in one of three sigh. After that, as for what I want to say as a young friend of your readers, it's a matter of opinion. Xie xuhua: your fairy tale creation reflects a unique style, which breaks the narrow circle of children's poems and gives people a broader view. It is to break through the tradition and the modern, to activate the ancient legend with modern emotion. This can be said to coincide with the ideal of "cultural roots" poetry in the adult poetry world. You mentioned work in the literary and art newspaper, so the current thought is very keen, is it also influenced by adult poetry? Gao hongbo: I was very involved in all kinds of new ideas of literature at that time. Because of literary criticism, many thoughts were involved. What you say makes sense. In addition, why I said that the animation was very exciting to me, including the letter of general zhang aiping, in fact, there was a picture in the mind. Why, after more than twenty years, I hope some people have made it into a picture book and want to find the right painter to draw it. This is of a thought in my mind, I think have a natural kinship between poetry and painting, especially if roots on the soil of folk folk tale long poems, with the traditional Chinese painting material performance, it should be very nice. When I write, I have pictures in my head, and I try to keep the rhythm of music. There is no special long sentence. Is short, and the place I was being Guo Xiaochuan "general trilogy", I also study ogawa narrative poem, he used short sentences, but very interesting, very has the flavor of ancient Chinese poems. Xie xuhua: that is to say, your creation is not intentionally influenced by this adult poetry. Gao: that's not too big effect, I just feel that my mind is the Chinese folk story folk material, because at that time I read the Chinese classics reading too much more special, feel the good things much more special, especially lack of mining, the lack of our modern people with a view of modern consciousness to our books and reproduce. XieXuHua: through reading for your children's poem creation as a whole, I think you did a lot of children's poem form attempt and exploration, from the fairy tale allegorical poem to express modern children's emotion and to rich folk color fairy long poems, what prompted you to children's poem do not limited to try something different in one area? Gao hongbo: I have a lot of things to do with my personality, hobbies, or concerns of that period. Not entirely swayed by some fashion, in fact, the children's literature creation everyone pay attention to some problems in the literature, like puppy love problems, such as the moon is bright tonight, I was also involved in a lot of discussion, I personally still more scri le by rein. I think that's the time when I wrote children's poems because the first weapon I got into literature was poetry, and I didn't write essays, I didn't write reportage, I didn't write reviews. It is natural to turn something into a poem, and some of the material is quickly expressed in the form of poetry as my first choice. Then the poem became my first choice, and I chose the children's poem creation. After that, all the feelings I felt were transformed into the first form of art is poetry. Finally, by the end of the 1980s, when I wrote essays and reportage, some ideas were no longer better in the form of poetry, perhaps more profound and more free, after all, there were rules of art. So you said these three changes isn't for my personal, I think I should think so wrote, how to write how to write, no one limits me, nobody remind me how to write. But like you said the fairy tale long poem is a group of people to make an agreement, we do a writing experiment on this kind of art class, that is conscious, just write the fairy tale long poem. The previous genre was based solely on the perception and judgment of the society. For example, in the early fairy tales, because I particularly like fables, I like fairy tales, study liu zheng, study Aesop's fables, study the fable of krissoff, and study feng xuefeng's fable. After the study, I think the children should also like it very much, so I use the way of poetry to be suitable for children. I think the children should like it very much, so I will write it. I wrote this batch. Second, my daughter was born, she is the only child, in her growing up, through her perspective I have found a lot of interesting things in life. Me if not I may not feel through the perspective of children, so I with she felt, for example, take her to the park, such as writing "small", "birthday", "I think", including the kid in our building that is real, we are building a bunch of kids, her ah, is ah, is a bunch of real children, but I give invented their stories, the poems in the Beijing daily published a particularly strong responses of floor, we have to wear shoes - have a sleep, bed-wetting, have dinner, and so on one batch, all is the name of the child, playing the piano, all are real children, when I write, they are four or five years old, I don't know they have already become the hero in my poem. That's how children's life poetry was written. So in essence I might not be the kind of poet who had to build some kind of building block in advance, with a particular artistic conception. A lot of times it's just a flood of emotion that comes out of it, and it goes off to a fork in the road, and he goes there, and then he writes, and then he writes something else.
Release date: Jan 19, 2016 Page view : 108
GaoHongBo Interview
Q: Xu Hua, Hongbo children's poetry researcher, is now a publishing house editor A: Hongbo, vice chairman of Chinese writers, children's literature writer, poet, essayist Jiu Xuhua: Why did you take the form of "children's poetry" When you first started to do it? In particular, the "Elephant Judge" and the "Crocodile eating stone," the two poems, the content of which are interesting animal stories and fables, can be used in fairy tales and fables of the way to convey. Hongbo: The literary style that a writer engages in, the first choice is to decide the form of creation for quite a long period of time. I prefer poetry, because many of the material, the observation and description of many scenes, I will subconsciously in the way of poetry to convey and describe. Jiu Xuhua: Is it possible to say that when you are creating children's literature, you choose yourself as the most familiar form? Hongbo. Yes, poetry was once one of the most familiar and creative forms of my feelings. Jiu Xuhua: Reading "The Elephant Judge" and "the Crocodile eating the stone" in these two fairy tales of poetry, there is a reading feeling is: in those humorous stories behind the often hidden moral lessons and rich knowledge. The feeling is listening to a father telling a story. I think at this stage, you are writing in the father's perspective, do you agree with this statement. Hongbo: This stage is really the father's perspective and role of the creation. In fact, my children's literature creation and my daughter have a close relationship. When I knew I was going to be a father, I started to do children's literature when I was going to have a daughter. It is from the mind of a little girl (child), sometimes also my childhood memory, I thought of is a girl, but childhood memory also plays a role. The two are transforming and penetrating each other. When I turned to writing a child's life poem, I wrote it purely as a boy's mind, which came from my childhood memories and my life, and from my observation of the little boy around me, an exchange of roles between myself and others. Jiu Xuhua: The classification of your work seems to be particularly clear and you can see the trail of stylistic transformations. Hongbo: My early children's poems focused on interest and knowledge, and later in the 80 's, 1983 and 1984, I consciously shifted my theme to children's lives, and I wanted to incorporate social life into my subject matter, even those major social events. For example, "Grandpa Lost" is the problem of retired veteran cadres, as well as counterfeit drugs, snake-playing girl's miserable situation, as well as "flips's son". I am consciously going to enlarge the subject matter. At that time, many people called Children's literature "pediatrics", I want to make this "pediatrics" things can also show major themes. For example, "Black Seagull" is the performance of the Iran-Iraq war, when I saw from the television because of the pollution of the war, an oily Black Sea gull standing on the rock, this sad picture aroused my creative impulse. These are my attempts at a series of big themes. Of course some of the good writing may not be good. At that time, my creation is often poured out, in a "fountain-style" writing status. Wrote a lot of poems, and these poems are written at once, even one night. such as about blind children's poems "My Sun", is I attend a blind children summer camp feeling. The blind child was organized to attend a Tiananmen Square event. Now it may be said that the topic of love for the disabled, but did not think so much, is to write with the blind children of this experience to bring me feelings. I sympathize with these handicapped children and try to figure out how to perceive things, shapes, colours, music, and how children are perceived by their invisible eyes. That poems was written in the evening. and poems "The Palace of Literature" is actually my literary view, I use the way of poetry and children to communicate and explore what is poetry, what is fable, what is a fairy tale, what is a novel. Jiu Xuhua: That is, when you are writing children's life poems and lyrics, you start from life. Hongbo: Many of my children's poems are about observing their children's experiences and watching their lives. "A penny sigh" is my child a real experience, at that time a penny is not how to use, the kind of narrow and long yellow penny notes, many people are used to fold into small pieces of pineapple or something, in fact, is not necessary. At that time people's life has made great progress, all rich, no one attaches importance to the penny. But "I found a penny on the side of the road ..." The song is still circulating, so the daughter to pick up a penny, mother too dirty, to scold the child. I have this thing processed into poetry, is a penny no longer have the meaning of the moral symbol of a feeling. "Lucky Money", "Clivia" are also from the time of life. I have been a soldier, have ten years Frontier army life. In "The Secret of shouting spring" I was the 1975 to visit the frontier in Yunnan province more than 100 days of travel are all expressed. The frontier of plants, animals, customs and so on, to a Beijing boy's strange perspective of the show out. This kind of writing about the relationship between children and the frontier, the relationship between children and the PLA few people involved, because it is peacetime, few people pay attention to. But I think the subject matter of this frontier is still very meaningful, at least can cultivate the child's national defense consciousness and masculine atmosphere. Jiu Xuhua: Are there any writers in China and abroad who have influenced you? Hongbo: That's too much. I have systematically studied some excellent writers of children's literature, trying to write a "History of contemporary children's literature," about a hundred thousand of words of manuscript. But no publisher interested, one pressure is more than 20 years. It was not until 2010 that the publication of the 21st Century publishing house, I claimed to be "personal history of Literature", the book called "Literature on the manuscript." I have studied the poets and written monographs of Jinbo, Keyan, yuanying, Ranzhang, Hunsai, fields and so on. I have studied Yan, Jin near, He Yi and so on. I benefited a lot from the study of the writers. For example, Jinbo's pursuit of pure art, Keyan's extraordinary grasp of children's interests, and its poetic movement and dramatic effects of stretching. These studies are the things that I do not write poetry Kung Fu, become the nutrition of my creation, not specific which writer or which article played a role, but a kind of imperceptible influence is revealed in my lines. In the creation of children's literature, I was studying, creating, two-pronged approach, walking on both legs rather than writing all day with a stuffy head. The research on the outstanding children's literature writers also lays the idea of my child's view and the creation of childrens literature. Jiu Xuhua: You said Jinbo also has the influence to your creation, but your poem reads and Jinbo's poem feels different. Hongbo: Jinbo is more elegant in art, this kind of polishing of the art of poetry, the pursuit of the beauty of writing, language and rhyme, is a banner of children's poems. My poems are joyful and humorous, and this style is different from the writer's temperament. If you let Jinbo write "I think" maybe he wrote better than me, but "lazy defense" This mischievous humor is my style. Jiu Xuhua: Why do you turn from the creation of fairy tales to the creation of children's poems that reflect the feelings of contemporary children? Hongbo: In the 80 's, China's reform and opening-up has just begun, advocating emancipating the mind. At that time all walks of life are emancipating the mind, adult literature is also talking about emancipating the mind. At that time I was a "literary newspaper" an editor, "literary newspaper" is in the forefront of such a media, is the ideological liberation of the important position, then published a lot of Feng Mu and other articles and controversy, brought me a great shock. Children's literature is also faced with ideological emancipation, break through the original pure education of children's literary concept, put forward more open children's literature view, embodied in the practical aspects such as the novel Wenxuan, Dong Hongyu, Zhang Zhilu, fairy tale Yuanjie, I also made some attempts in poetry. No one wants to turn children's literature into a tool for educating children. Jiu Xuhua: So what was your child's view at that time? I hear you have a book called "Discovering children." Is that a summary of your children's view? Hongbo: The book "Discovering Children" is actually a series of articles that I have serialized in the press. In the summer of 1989, because of the special political background, "China Women's Daily" manuscript is not too many, the Yunnan Army veteran, responsible for the supplement Sheliwa on my writing, I put some of the children's views, prospects, and some of the children's interesting small story in the form of a serialized in the "Chinese Women's newspaper" published, Unexpectedly received a very big welcome, straight serial for six months, a total of more than 30, but has not been a book. Later, the editor of Hunan Children's publishing house found these articles very interesting, with comics, become such a very interesting book. 90 's because of working reasons I basically divorced from children's literature, 5, 6 years with children's literature divorced, until 1995 in the Chinese writers Registry in charge of children's literature, organization awards, seminars, and then back to the field of children's literature, I was "found the child" after the children out (laughter). I now rarely create children's literature because the daughter is big, lack of observation objects, there are children around to have a lot to write things. But I still like to look at information about children. I read a very interesting baby experiment in the newspaper this morning, which was made by the Americans. Put the wooden doll in the middle, see the performance of children, some children to push it, some children to help it. Then let these children find friends with each other, the result of children are willing to find a baby doll as a friend, pushed down, we do not like. The conclusion is that young children are naturally sociable, and Americans study these details, which I find interesting. Children's Literature I write less now, these years mainly for the "Children's pictorial" writing, the new period if I did not continue to write to children, is to write works for small children. Foreign low young books do very well, this to the Chinese children's book market is a shock, we give "children's pictorial" to write something to support is also hope that Chinese children's literature has also been a greater development, as soon as possible with international standards, but also the Chinese cultural rights of the kind of self recognition. Jiu Xuhua: From the 80 's "fountain" of the creation to the present less write, it seems you are a sincere poet, no feeling of time will not be hard to write. Hongbo: I have an adult poetry book "Heart Sail", which embodies my poetic view, the first is "if I am a poet", the meaning of expression is as you say, do not write hard. Children's poetry and adult poetry are interlinked, are poetry, should not be hard to write. Poetry must have a certain artistic, musical beauty, melody of the United States, children's poetry to add some perspective, children's perspective. The good child poem adult also should be fond of, good adult poem Child also can accept, should be young and old salty, the good work of all ages. Jiu Xuhua: A fairy tale poem from the early main creations of animals, later, the main transfer to children's life poems and lyrics, 89 when you also created with the folk color of the "Dragon and God Pigeon" long fairy tales of poetry, and not the same as before, you create a long fairy tale narrative motives? Hongbo: Fable poetry has very normative characteristics, so I later in some of the children's poems to the fable poem to re-examine, to create some "anti-traditional" image. China straight lacks narrative long poem, children's literature Ruan Zhang "golden Conch" and Cunces "horse Lotus" after no one to create this kind of fairy tale narrative long poem. I want to try the possibility of this long poem in the national subject matter and the historical subject matter, therefore this anthology is I consciously makes the fairy tale long poem The attempt. I think this kind of subject will be matched with exquisite illustrations. But I was too ahead of the idea at that time, there is no such exquisite illustrations, no one painting, the second is that people do not know the historical and cultural traditions enough. So I want to look for the material of the expression from the literary classics such as "Liao Zhai", and create a fairy poem with modern meaning. I value these three poems very much. My idea is always ahead of the 80 's I noticed the animal novel, animal fiction is really hot later. 1985 I advocated humor, then the children's Literature board face teaching too much, are puppy love ah what the subject matter, is not fun, children's literature should be humorous. Jiu Xuhua: You said three fairy poems, that is, "dragon", "Pigeon Tree Legends" and "Pipa beetle." According to my information, the first two was published in 1989, "Pipa Beetle" published in 1995, the same genre, why the interval between so many years? Hongbo: "Pipa beetle" is also about 1989 years of Creation, published late. These three fairy tales are created in the same period, that is, about 1989, the writing time is similar, but six months. is not manuscripts, is oneself spontaneous consciously produced the creation desire. Jiu Xuhua: From the time of Creation, the fairy tales of the Long Poems, "The Dragon and The Pigeon" published in the "Elephant Judge", "Eat stone crocodile" and other fairy Tales, "Goose Goose", "The Secret of shouting spring" and other children's lyrics, showing a different artistic style, this is not your intentional art exploration? Why did you write a genre like a fairy poem? Hongbo: At that time, there are two factors, external causes for one is that I was writing fairy poem before and after the Chinese Department of Peking University to study, teaching classical literature tutor Mr. Ma Zhenfang let us to "Liao Zhai" in the classical Chinese comment, choose 25, I have a "Liao Zhai" conducted a read-through, In classical Chinese to 25 I like the work of the comments, including the "Pigeon", which is a pigeon legend. This is a cultural background. At that time, I and two or three friends originally wanted to write a Chinese contemporary literature history, I divided a batch of my favorite writer poet to conduct this book review, each person about 5,000 to eight dry words. One of the subjects I studied was Ranzhang, Cunces and horse rustling. Three of them have tried the writing of fairy poems in the creation of children's literature since the founding of the PRC. For example, the horse rustling "stone archway Legend", is a folktale as a prototype of a narrative poetry. Cunces wrote "Malan". Ranzhang wrote "Golden Conch", "the story of the horse Monkey ancestors." I've studied them all. Then these two reasons, on the one hand, I have made some comments on the predecessors, absorbing nutrients. On the other hand, in my own studies, through the classical literary works of criticism, deepen this aspect of learning and support. The third reason comes from an editor of Anhui Children's Society, the pen name Baby grass (that is, money leaves). He also wrote a lot of good children's poems, and I wrote his commentary on the refraction of human consciousness. He proposed to run a poetry, PLA children's narrative long poem, is the fairy tale narrative long poem. These three factors have prompted me to decide to try the writing of the fairy narrative poem, this time there is no more restrictions on the subject matter, nor a broader background, mainly the poetry of this fairy poem is a very important opportunity. Later I wrote two, and several comrades wrote, it is said that the poetry came out, but later I did not see how, may also lose money later, the issue of how not too clear. This is Anhui children's publishing house at the time of the attempt. Later, when he was the editor-in-chief of a press in Beijing, he had not written children's poems for years. He wrote a number of very good children's poems, he also had this aspect of the desire to explore, he wrote about two, and then later wrote a third, the last song called "Pipa Beetle." "The Dragon and The Pigeon" out earlier, in fact, the third first late, but the basic three poems similar, in a year or two. In the writing of these three fairy tales, I tried to add some elements of Chinese folktales, myths and legends to some factors, to join my understanding of long narrative poetry. For example, Guo's "General trilogy" has its own theoretical ideas, framework. Also has the character also has the plot, the poem also has the artistic conception the construction, the language and so on. I think the more important long narrative is to have the plot, the character shape. There is also the progress of the plot, can not be pure lyrical. In this context, I combined with my previous writing of those animal fables, in fact, every capital can be regarded as a small narrative poem, with this training, the fifty or sixty lines of small narrative to expand to a longer three hundred or four hundred lines of fairy tales, it is not much difficulty. So before that, I had a fairytale poem called "Little Mouse Learning to fly", this is also relatively long, more than the general animal poetry, nearly eighty or ninety lines, there are also stories of characters, and finally write a small mouse to learn to fly after the wings become flying mice, in many of the same ridicule, even under the ridicule of Owls, Finally got the ability to fly. When I wrote this poem, it was unconscious writing, written and written long. So to this three is consciously, as a fairy poem, based on folklore stories as the basis of the fairy poem to create, to write, to structure, this is intentional. And at that time everybody is want to do a kind of artistic exploration in the fairy poem aspect, we invariably wrote a few, but finally did not form the big social influence, this kind of art exploration finally belonged to the dead end, was gone. There is no like the 50 's Ranzhang unexpectedly "golden Conch", Cunces "Malan" That kind of fairy tales after a wide range of praise. Because the times are different, so you wrote and wrote, and published. But personally I still cherish my three works. I put a lot of emotion into writing, the artistic preparation is also quite full, at that time also had 7, 8 years of writing the basic training of children's poetry, in the refinement of language, the creation of artistic conception, in the shape of long poem characters and the progress of the story I have made some discussion. I personally still cherish these three poems. Because it is a relatively long thing in my personal work. Finally out of the booklet is two poems, in fact, finally wrote a song, in fact, the real completion is three. So that when I arrived in Fuzhou this year, a editor of the Fuzhou Children's Club find me a script to draw this script, I said I did not, but I have these three fairy poems can give you a look, if you put it in a picture of the way to show, it should be very interesting for children. Because I have seen the story of a bear in Russia or a country, is also a fairy poem performance, a bear from the forest back to the city wandering, back after the forest no longer exist, it sits on a lone hill overlooking the city sadly, behind this is actually a big cultural vision, a kind of environmental awareness. In fact, children's poetry can be more important subject matter. Jiu Xuhua: Just as you mentioned in the preface to the Dragon and the pigeon, the attempt to make a fairy poem is due to the lack of such poems, on the other hand, the fairy tales you wrote earlier can become a long fairy tale poem, so it is quite handy to write. Is there any other consideration? When you mentioned the re-reading of classical literature during the study of the writers ' class, what do you think of Chinese traditional culture or folk tales? Hongbo: If it comes to this topic, you can combine my other work. I was in the "literature" is the deputy Director of the Department of Journalism, is responsible for the "literary newspaper," the front page of some news reports on the major themes of choice. At that time, I remember the Chinese cartoons in the Annecy Animation Film Festival defeat, for this reason, then the defense Minister Zhang also wrote a letter to the central. The old general was worried about the defeat of Chinese cartoons in the international competition and gave me a great shock. Later, I interviewed a group of people engaged in children's art films, including the current big artist Meilin, including CCTV's animation director, CCTV children's department director of these industry. They provide me with good news material from the aspects of money, people and treatment. At that time I wrote a story on the front page of the literature newspaper called "after the defeat in Annecy," because in the past Chinese cartoons should be said to be among the top of the world's art films. "Nezha", "Noisy Sea", "three Monks", as well as the former "small carp jump Longmen", "Pig Eat Watermelon", "No brains and not happy", we all think that China has been leading in this area, suddenly found out, behind, was what "Astro Boy", "The Smurfs", "The Story of the Mole" And so on. Even the then defence Secretary, General Zhang, was in a hurry. This thing to me stimulation is bigger, this is the 80 middle and late period thing. More than 10 years later, the General secretary Jiang Zemin proposed to grasp the work in this area, he found a lot of young children from his grandson's literature crisis. He proposed to catch piece, of which there are children's literature, this is more than 10 years later. At that time, this interview, and the Messenger of General Zhang, I felt that Chinese children's literature, including child poetry, should be developed, the local cultural resources should be excavated, and the resources in China are very very rich, it depends on how you did not dig. I have repeatedly stated this truth at several subsequent meetings. Is the Chinese native culture has rich myths, legends, folktales, they themselves have the kind of oriental charm rich color, fantasy, humor, witty and so on, have a congenital animation quality. We must look at it with modern ideas, to regroup it, let us contemporary, contemporary children realize that there is a rich cultural nutrition in the heritage of our ancestors, this is a huge cultural heritage, which requires an input from the artist, a solution to the cultural heritage of Nutrition, In order to transform the classics into a fresh artistic image. In this motivation, I think in my three fairy tales in the creation of the subconscious have this factor, so from the old woman's legend, from the story of the lonely, I saw the desert beetle inside I found three long poem nuclear, dig them out. Jiu Xuhua: From Reading, I can also feel your attention to Chinese folk tradition, will form such a long length, more heavy works. But I feel that the spirit of these three long poems is different from folktales, including the 50 's "Golden Conch" and "Horse Lotus". In the 50 's fairy tales, the rewriting of the folk tales is still adhering to a kind of folk simple spirit, such as the faithful, the pursuit of a happy life, lovers finally become a family and so on folk simple feelings have a heritage. But you are different from them, "Pipa beetle" is a kind of ideal for the pursuit of the cost of life; "Dragon's Mind" expresses the young man's impulse to make the mistake of the loss of friendship, which is a modern feeling, you are not in the ancient story of a modern spirit? Hongbo: Right. I am consciously manifesting this, is the old bottled new bar, because at that time in the late 80, we have gone through the ideological liberation movement, and the traditional I have from my point of view has carried out some theoretical comb, to some famous masterpiece I also carried out nutrition absorption, I also have my opinion, His gain and loss in fact, I already have my own judgment in mind, so when I write, I'm certainly not writing in the manner of the older writers of the 50 's, that they might be more faithful to the ideology of that era, and I might be richer in the late 80, Also more in line with my personal creative personality, when I write, even if I want to follow the original story, but write it will not automatically fork to the road it should go. For example, "The Legend of the Pigeon tree" inside the pigeon girl, in fact, the story is basically faithful to the "pigeon of the Strange", but finally there is my personal treatment methods, pigeon is actually the pigeon God fly Away, the final protagonist into a wandering river chivalrous, it is my personal romantic writing, I also like martial arts, Hope the hero can finally achieve his revenge. This is not in the studio. In the end, he gave the pigeon to the elder, the pigeon is a different kind of pigeon, two eyes are transparent, to the elders after two days after the Ask how? The elders said that the taste is good, gave it to eat, this person is particularly disappointed. That's a very simple detail. But one of the things I've noticed is that the two eyes of a pigeon can be looked through, the image of a special taste, it is enough to constitute a very characteristic of the fairy poem, and I was the kind of natural plant like, and grafted a tong of the legend of the Dove, add in to become the son of the dove, it appears more and more branches and leaves, Even more interesting, although it's a story of a lonely studio, but with a lot of detail, looks more like poetry, and sketch story or there is a huge difference, at the same time, some of the pursuit of human beings, some of the desire to fly up in my lines, so that it has a variety of points for people to imagine, maybe this is a special art form of poetry , unlike any other novel, it imagines a larger space, you can imagine that this dove and white girls may be some kind of mysterious emotional connection, can also imagine the white girl is the pigeon God, and finally with all the pigeons fly away, and finally the end of a strange, then I want him to finally revenge, add a lot of this, This is in line with the children's mentality, or in line with Chinese tradition, hope to have a happy and pleasant. Jiu Xuhua: But I think your three long poem is quite tragic, folklore is often a happy ending, but your little beetle finally leaps to the Yellow River, with life to do a lightning bolt. "Dragon in Mind" also lost the friendship, no longer find it back; "The Legend of the Pigeon Tree" Finally, although there is a bright tail, symbolic meaning, but it is a tragedy. Hongbo: Yes, "pigeon tree" inside because of Hong Tung's careless, credulous finally make him lose his precious pigeon species, actually also lost the pigeon God to his trust. Or fate was not sure of his providence. Many of the weaknesses of human beings in fact I want to be here, this may be different from the 50 generation of old-timers writers. I want to give people more space to think and imagine, to provide small readers a sense of discretion, not to say everything through, is my conscious artistic attempt. If you say it in a very clear sense, it's not interesting, poetry is to leave blank, leaving a melancholy, a aftertaste, there is a kind of buzzing flavor, I think this is a kind of art realm. You want to make the finishing touches everyone knows the story, you put it into a new kind of connotation, it may be different, you think it is fun at least. The children are looking at a circle, the old Monk tells the story, the old monk can not finish the story, the last look the old monk is that Ma Ziteng, in fact completely is also true also the character of the illusion, then you think to go, the poem is also true also in the illusion in a chant three sigh to complete. After the completion, as to what I want to express as your readers as young teenage friends can be the same. Jiu Xuhua: Your fairy Poem creation embodies a unique style, breaking the relatively narrow circle of children's poetry, giving people a more open vision. is to open up the tradition and the modern, the ancient legends with modern emotion to activate. This can be said to be and adult poetry "cultural roots" of the ideal of poetry is consistent. You mentioned in the literary newspaper work, then the trend of thought is very sharp, whether it is also affected by adult poetry? Hongbo: I was very involved in the new trend of literature, because of the work of literary criticism, a lot of thoughts are involved. What you said makes sense. In addition, why do I say that animation is very exciting to me, including General Zhang's letter, in fact, when the creation of the brain is a picture. Why after more than 20 years I hope some people make it into a picture book, want to find the right painter to draw it out. This is a thought in my mind, I think there is a natural relationship between poetry and painting, especially if the folk fairy poem rooted in the folk soil, with Chinese traditional painting material to show it, should be particularly good-looking. When I write, every one of my brain has a picture, and the sentence tries to keep a rhythm of music, and there are no particularly long sentences. Relatively short, this place I was affected by Guo "General Trilogy", I also study Ogawa narrative long poem, he used short sentences, but very taste, very Chinese ancient poetry charm. Jiu Xuhua: That is to say that you are not intentionally influenced by this adult poetry. Hongbo: That's not much of an impact, I just think that the mind is the folk story of Chinese folklore, at that time because I read Chinese classics read very much, feel that there is a lot of good things, especially the lack of excavation, the lack of modern consciousness to our ancient classics of a view and reappearance. Jiu Xuhua: Through the whole reading of your children's poems, I think you have made a lot of attempts and explorations in the form of children's poems, from fairy tales to express contemporary children's feelings to the rich folk fairy tales, what causes you to make different attempts to children's poems instead of limiting in a certain field of creation? Hongbo: I have a lot of things to do with my personality, my preferences, or the kind of focus of that period. Not entirely by some fashion, in fact, the creation of children's literature at that time we all pay attention to some problems in literature, such as Puppy love, such as "The Moon Tonight," I was also involved in a lot of discussion, I personally more or effortless by the reins bar. I think that time to write children's poetry because my first entry into the literature of the weapon is poetry, then I have not written prose, no reportage, no comment. It is natural to turn some things into poetry, and some of the material is quickly expressed in the form of poetry as my first choice. Then the poem becomes my first choice, also chooses the child poem creation, then after Dan chooses, all feels the emotion transforms to the first kind of art form is the poem. Finally, by the end of the 80, I write essays, reportage, some ideas will no longer use the form of poetry better, may be more profound and free, poetry after all, there are artistic provisions. So you say that these three kinds of changes to me in fact no change, I seem to think that should be so written, want to write how to write, no one limited me, and no one to remind me how to write. But like you said the fairy poem that is a few people about the good, we have this art category, we collectively do a writing test, it is conscious, just write to the fairy poem. In this previous genre, is entirely based on their own perception of society, judgment. For example, early fairy fable poetry, because I particularly like fables, especially like fairy tales, study Zheng, study Aesop's fable, study Kresov fable, study Feng Xuefeng fable. After the study, I think the child should also like very much, then I use the way of poetry into the children, I think the children should like, I will write. Write the batch. The second, my daughter was born, she is the only child, in her growing up, through her perspective I found a lot of life a lot of interesting things. If I'm not something I might not feel through my child's perspective, then I can feel it with her. For example, take her to the park, such as writing "small", "Birthday", "I think", including "our building in the little guy" that is the real name, our building a bunch of children, ya ya ah, right ah, are a bunch of real children, But I made up their stories, and the poems in Beijing Daily was particularly strong, our building's little guy, has the shoes-has sleeps, has the wet bed, has the meal and so on a batch of, all is the real name child, the piano, all is the real child, when I wrote, they are four or five years old, Didn't know they had become the hero of my poem. That's how children's life poems are written. So, in essence, I may not be the kind of poet who has a special artistic conception of the building blocks of some kind of creation beforehand. Most of the time is following their daily feelings of the torrent, it vented to which Fork junction, he went to that flow, finished on the write, finished and then write another.
Release date: Jan 09, 2016 Page view : 119
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